The $61 billion the House will slice from this fiscal year's 2011 budget will cut much more deeply into the government's discretionary programs than anyone expects, eliminating or shrinking dozens of programs and offices, even axing some of the GOP's own sacred cows, and slashing agencies by up to 40 percent. But with the March 4 deadline looming, when the temporary continuing resolution spending bill expires, the Senate will be forced to cut more deeply than it otherwise would like in order to cut a compromise with the House and avoid a government shut-down.
A bipartisan gang of senators is already at work on a budget-cutting deal for the remaining fiscal year. Whether the House will accept it is another matter.
"I don't think the Senate will pass this cut. We will have to negotiate," House Republican Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan said Sunday on CBS' "Face the Nation." "Look, we're not looking for a government shutdown. But at the same time, we're also not looking at rubber-stamping these really high, elevated spending levels that Congress blew through the joint two years ago."
Deeper spending cuts in this fiscal year's remaining seven months were offered in the House floor debate, but they were voted down by wide margins.
Nevertheless, the sweeping cuts House Republicans approved would slash dozens of the Democrats' pet programs, from public television to farm subsidies. Among the victims:
-- National Public Radio and the Public Broadcasting System, whose news, public affairs, entertainment and numerous cooking shows have been made redundant by cable and broadcast network shows offering duplicate programming to much larger audiences.
-- The Clinton administration's Americorps and its parent agency, the Corporation for National and Community Service, that wastefully duplicates public service programs at the state and local level.-- The multi-billion dollar fence and surveillance technology and border security forces patrolling the U.S. and Mexican border would lose $600 million. -- Eliminated, too, is $2 billion of the EPA's vast armada of regulations, among an array of other federal regulatory agencies.
-- Few programs escaped the GOP buzz saw, including the Peace Corps, NASA, Economic Development grants, Corps of Engineers, the Peace Corps, Family Planning, Pell Grants and Amtrak. -- Even wasteful defense programs got the axe, too, including the development of the backup F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jet engine that the Pentagon never wanted and the administration rejected, saving billions in future costs.
"We held no program harmless from our spending cuts, and virtually no area of government escaped this process unscathed," said House Republican Appropriations Committee Chairman Harold Rogers of Kentucky in a statement. The $61 billion in budget cuts is the largest in U.S. history, though seemingly less than the $100 billion the GOP promised to cut in its Pledge to America in the midterm elections.
But the House GOP's budget cuts for this fiscal year's final seven months would "actually exceed the commitment made by House Republicans ... which vowed to pull spending back to pre-stimulus, pre-bailout levels, achieving $100 billion in savings compared to the president's FY 2011 budget request over the course of a full fiscal year," the Speaker's office said in a statement.
This kind of showdown has happened many times before and the outcome will be the same this time as it has in the past, both sides finding a way to keep the government funded. With both houses now in recess this week, it's unlikely that they can achieve a compromise budget by March 4, so another continuing resolution will be approved for a couple of weeks or more to buy time to reach a deal.
House and Senate Democratic leaders are as much to blame for this budgetary chaos as they are for the excessive spending that has pushed this year's monster deficit to a record $1.6 trillion.
Democrats fled Washington last fall to campaign in the midterm elections, leaving behind a messy pile of unfinished, un-enacted spending bills and the government without a budget.
Before scurrying out of town to face the voters, many for the last time, they passed a continuing resolution to keep the government running at Obama's existing gold-plated funding levels.
Last week's triage surgery on that continuing resolution is the House GOP's first draft attempt to cut the federal government down to a more affordable size.