An act of terror, crime or both?
As I see it, Ridsdel's hideous murder serves as another reminder that violent Islamist terrorists wage global war. Like Nigeria, where Boko Haram thugs enslave schoolgirls, Jolo and the Filipino islands ASG threatens are comparatively obscure locales. Unlike Brussels, Paris, Madrid, Mumbai, New York and Washington, they rarely draw elite media attention. But face this bitter fact: Islamist terrorists commit murder and apocalyptic atrocities in headline somewheres and neglected nowheres.
I call ASG a violent Islamist terror group for several reasons. ASG self-identifies as one. It has cooperated with Jemaah Islamiyah, the al-Qaida affiliate that conducted the October 2002 attacks on the Indonesian island of Bali. In 2015, ASG's senior commander, Isnilon Hapilon, pledged loyalty to ISIS caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Abu Sayyaf translates as "bearer of the sword." For jihadis, the name is Islamic propaganda whose violent poetry erases political borders. ISIS' now-deceased "minister of oil" used it as a nom de guerre.
ASG also conducts combat operations, so it takes combat forces to defeat it. Cops alone can't handle it. In early April, ASG terrorists killed 18 Filipino soldiers in a jungle firefight on Basilan Island. The soldiers were threatening a camp thought to be Hapilon's headquarters.
ASG's biggest terror attack, the February 2004 bombing of a ferry in Manila Bay, had the iconic resonance terrorists' prize. 116 of the 900 passengers died when the bomb exploded as the ship passed Corregidor Island. In May 1942, Corregidor was the last U.S. garrison in the northern Philippines to surrender to the Japanese.
ASG originated as a religious terror group that left a nationalist insurgency. In 1991 money provided by al-Qaida helped fund ASG's split from the autonomy-seeking Moro National Liberation Front. Filipino Muslims are Moros (from the Spanish association of Muslims with Moors). Ninety percent of Filipinos profess Christianity. Six percent are Muslim. Most Moros live in the south (Mindanao and Sulu archipelago) or on the island of Palawan. For five decades, in various guises, the MNLF and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front have fought a low-level war with Manila that has cost an estimated 120,000 lives.
ASG has three goals, each one forwarding violent Islamist aims: sow chaos and fear that frustrates attempts to end the Moro War; establish a Moro Muslim ISIS province in the southern Philippines; with other violent Islamists conquer the planet and establish a global caliphate.
However, the Filipino government and the U.S. Department of Defense emphatically classify ASG as a criminal organization.
The Filipino government routinely calls ASG a vicious gang, even as its forces conduct counter-terror operations. A Pentagon spokesman recently condemned it a "barbaric extortionist group."
Pulled punches? Yes, but also political warfare. Manila wants to encourage other Moros to oppose ASG and deny it any legitimacy as a Filipino political force.
The MNLF had nationalist political goals. The MILF asserted an Islamic identity, but is now willing to accept a negotiated political settlement. Some MILF leaders have concluded an independent Moro state would be unstable. Christian enclaves would reject sharia.
ASG scorns both and portrays the "old line" Moro fronts as sell-outs.
In return, former MNLF members are publicly damning ASG as criminal. The peace settlement between Manila and the MILF remains shaky, but MILF leaders know ASG is problem.
Muslims and Christians on several islands, particularly Mindanao, are tired of bloodshed. They see tourism as a major economic contributor.
ASG terrorists, however, kill tourists. Hence Manila's conclusion that verbally criminalizing Abu Sayyaf terrorists is a tool for defeating them.