Kathryn Lopez

"We will not fail," Archbishop William Lori declared at the quarterly meeting of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops in Atlanta on June 13.

Tasked with leading a committee on religious liberty, the Baltimore archbishop's statement wasn't an empty boast but a supreme confidence. It wasn't a predictive assurance about the Obama administration's mandate on health insurance and abortion, or the Supreme Court's upcoming health-care ruling or the November election results but a reminder that his audience has weightier things on its mind: matters of a spiritual nature.

The peachy news out of the meeting was an unprecedented unanimity. While reporters looked for cracks in a rare united front, it was, in fact, one of the bishops most identified with potential discord, Stephen Blaire of Stockton, Calif., who didn't let the meeting close without his adamant insistence that conscience rights be defended.

Chicago's Cardinal Francis George then went on to make one of the more provocative points of the session: "What if we fail?" His question wasn't a crisis of faith but a reminder that the federal government has, in fact, put American employers in the position where they will have to choose whether or not to obey Caesar over God, pay potentially ruinous fines because of their faith, or quit providing services.

The churchgoing Catholic may hear a lot about a New Evangelization in the coming year, and the pope will announce a year of faith in October. Ultimately, it is all about a rebuilding. And it is to be welcomed, precisely because we believe religion to be a vital thing for a flourishing society. Or at least, we used to believe that. Do we still? Will we continue to?

Our engagement in defense of religious freedom will tell the tale to history.

"We protect religious freedom ... because we think that religion is a good thing," Catholic University president John Garvey put it simply, in remarks at the bishops' meeting. "The Pilgrims, Catholics, Quakers and other nonconformists who settled these shores came here because they saw it as their duty to know, love, and serve God, and they wanted a place where they could do that without hindrance."

We're entering a period the bishops have dubbed a Fortnight of Freedom in the run-up to July 4th. It necessarily involves politics, but it's really about much more. The defense of religious liberty requires prayer and witness; education and clarity; prudence and courage -- above all, authenticity.

Kathryn Lopez

Kathryn Jean Lopez, editor of National Review Online, writes a weekly column of conservative political and social commentary for Newspaper Enterprise Association.