John Cornyn

Last May, three U.S. troops were kidnapped in Iraq, south of Baghdad, by al Qaeda terrorists. The U.S. military immediately launched a search and rescue operation.

What happened next is extremely disturbing. Within hours, a new source of information was discovered that required electronic surveillance of phone conversations. Then, a maze of complicated U.S. laws kicked in, stopping progress on the new lead for nearly 10 long hours.

Weeks later, the body of one missing American was found in the Euphrates River. The terrorists claimed the other two had been executed. No one knows whether they would have been found if the intelligence lead had been immediately followed.

We do know that restrictions in an outdated federal law seriously complicated rescue efforts while government lawyers back in the U.S. sorted through a legal quagmire to develop “probable cause” for electronic surveillance. A Texas soldier, Cpl. Ryan Collins of Vernon, was killed while participating in the unsuccessful attempt to find the missing troops.

There is no dispute that laws must be followed. That is what our American soldiers did that day in Iraq. It’s also clear, however, that existing law can prevent immediate use of our latest and best intelligence technology, when quick action is critical to the lives of Americans. When this is the case, it’s up to Congress to change the law.

We must do better in fulfilling this duty. At the time of this Iraq incident, electronic surveillance for intelligence and military use was subject to the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). Last year, Congress approved a temporary update, the Protect America Act. In early February, a bipartisan majority of the Senate voted overwhelmingly to extend key parts of the Protect America Act for six years.

But instead of approving the Senate bill, House leaders left for a 10-day recess. This meant the Protect America Act expired on Feb. 16. Now our troops and intelligence community are again operating under legal constraints that delay tracking terrorists who use Internet and cell phone devices that did not exist when FISA was enacted.

America leads the world in electronic technology. Some 98 percent of it is owned by private companies, and their cooperation is necessary in preventing terrorist attacks. But trial lawyers have filed lawsuits seeking billions of dollars from telecommunications firms that have helped our government stop another 9/11.