Fred Smith

The debt ceiling negotiations and debates over government spending have transfixed the nation for the last few weeks. President Obama’s call for a “clean” debt limit increase—one without spending reductions attached—was bound to fail from the beginning, as many House Republicans were elected on promises to bring the growth of government under control. To Democrats’ chagrin, opposition to greater government spending was a winning issue in 2010.

However, taxing and spending tell only part of the story. Much of the growth of government occurs off-budget, through regulations that often go largely unnoticed. As Wayne Crews, Vice President for Policy here at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, notes in his annual report, “Ten Thousand Commandments,” hidden regulatory costs approach $1.7 trillion this year. Those costs slow innovation, hampering the economy and job growth.

That estimate is frighteningly huge, yet it is still just an estimate. That is indicative of another significant problem that regulation creates. As Crews in “Ten Thousand Commandments” also points out, “[P]recise regulatory costs can never be fully known, because, unlike taxes, they are unbudgeted and often indirect.” It is this level of indirectness inherent in regulation that perpetrates the ambiguity that paralyzes the business community.

The costs of regulations are not just about dollars and cents. The vast expansion of the regulatory state also imposes costs in the form of uncertainty. Many laws delegate rulemaking to agencies under broad, vague mandates. This creates uncertain implications for the costs of doing business and makes it almost impossible for businesses to plan, invest, or hire new people. Businesses are unsure of what they face until rules are final—and all the legal challenges to them are resolved.

Regulatory costs can no longer be ignored. Hospitality and casino mogul Steve Wynn said recently in a speech to shareholders that the current administration’s policies are acting as a “wet blanket to business and progress and job creation.” He went on to say that businesses are “frightened to death about all the new regulations, our healthcare costs escalate, regulations coming from left and right, a President that… keeps using that word ‘redistribution.’”


Fred Smith

Fred L. Smith, Jr. is President and Founder of the Competitive Enterprise Institute, a free market public policy group established in 1984. Mr. Smith combines intellectual and strategic analysis of complex policy issues ranging from the environment to corporate governance with an informative and entertaining presentation style. Well-known in academic and professional circles, Mr. Smith is a popular speaker at universities and conferences around the world.