Texas has a part-time legislature, and inherent in any state with a part-time legislature is the potential for conflicts of interest.
Unless a legislator is personally wealthy, they must hold a job, which inevitably leads to their consideration of a bill that impacts their industry or company directly.
Texas ethics laws are lax and have loopholes. Legislators rarely recuse themselves on votes.
It is one thing for that to happen with one of 150 Texas House members or one of 31 Texas senators.
For governor, candidates should be held to a higher standard.
The contrast on ethics could not be more striking in the race for Texas governor.
Earlier this month, Dallas Morning News reporter Wayne Slater wrote about serious ethics questions surrounding gubernatorial candidate and State Sen. Wendy Davis (D-Fort Worth), in an exhaustive story with the headline: "As state senator, Davis voted on bills that aided clients."
Slater reported that Davis opposed a North Texas Tollway Authority-backed bill to "give local tollway authorities right of first refusal to build toll projects" on April 6, 2009. Ten months later, she sought information from the Texas Department of Transportation for how minority-owned businesses seeking highway contracts could earn certification. Five days later, a Fort Worth-based law firm hired Davis. Twenty days later Davis opened a two-person law firm that met the criteria for a minority-owned business. Three months later, Sen. Davis wrote to the U.S. Secretary of Transportation seeking federal funds for the Chisholm Trail Parkway Project.
Guess which law firm was handling the project?
Nine months later, NTTA approved hiring Davis' two-person law firm for work on the same project about which she, as a state senator, had written the U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
On March 23, 2011, Sen. Davis dropped her version of a bill to cap fees charged to drivers with unpaid tolls, choosing instead to support a bill from Sen. Jane Nelson (R-Flower Mound) that NTTA supported. As the Dallas Morning News reported, "the bill sets the fees regimen that would be the starting point that law firms subsequently hired by NTTA would use to seek settlements." In May she would vote for the bill, which the governor would sign into law.
On March 29, 2011, Sen. Davis voted for a bill supported by NTTA to give "local tollway authorities right of first refusal to build toll projects." She voted against a similar bill just two years earlier.
By May 2011, the Newby Davis law firm was billing NTTA for work on the same project about which she'd written the U.S. Secretary of Transportation less than a year before.