"Liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without faith." Alexis de Tocqueville
In his treatise, The Christian Manifesto, published in 1981, Francis Schaeffer suggests that the gradual shift away from a Judeo-Christian (or at least a Creationist) worldview towards a materialistic view of reality has broad sociological and governmental implications for western society. His is an interesting thesis to ponder in light of a recent article in USA Today discussing religion and the Millennial Generation.
The article cites a recent survey conducted by Lifeway Christian Resources, which reveals that Millennials (defined as Americans born approximately between 1980 and 1995) are distancing themselves from traditional religious forms in favor of a personally-defined, nebulous kind of "spirituality." These individuals are less likely to pray, they don't read the Bible, and they don't go to church. Among the 65% who identify themselves as Christian, "many are either mushy Christians or Christians in name only. . . . Most are just indifferent." Theological indifference may seem like no big deal in an age where moral relativism and the cult of the individual reign, but it's worth considering Schaeffer's argument that – whether we realize it or not – our understanding of religion and its role in society has a direct impact on our politics.
As the Founding Fathers laid the foundations for the unprecedented political experiment known as the United States of America, this relationship was foremost in their minds. The Judeo-Christian understanding of man as a fallen and sinful creature is reflected in James Madison's famous observation that "if men were angels, government wouldn't be necessary." The recognition of our innate dignity as creatures created in God's own image is reflected in the Declaration of Independence's assertion that all men are created equal and endowed with certain unalienable rights. America's political tradition rests squarely upon this conception of human nature: We are fallen, yet still bear the mark of our divine inheritance. Our Constitution, consequently, addresses the human need for a robust rule of law while respecting the liberty and dignity of the individual. As Schaeffer rightly observed, a society's predominant worldview shapes its form/freedom balance: It shapes the form of government the citizens adopt and the freedoms they enjoy.
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