Paul Greenberg

A great political party with a long history can survive defeat, even learn from it and grow stronger. But a party that does not learn from its defeats, that appears unable to adapt and grow, cannot remain great. It will join the extensive collection of long-ago American parties, like the Federalists and Whigs and many another, as just another artifact of American history.

After its defeat in this year's presidential election, the Republican Party has much to learn. The principal theme of its presidential ticket -- fiscal responsibility and the economic growth it could underwrite -- was obscured by the party's know-nothings. The kind of true believers who make a fetish of their pet fears -- like the millions of illegal immigrants who are making new lives for themselves in America. But have to live in the shadows.

For years the country has been fighting this problem instead of making an honest effort to solve it by revamping the whole, broken immigration system in a way that would put this issue behind all of us. And let the country get on with business -- legally and fairly.

From time to time to time, impressive efforts have been made in that direction. Like the one by John McCain and the late Ted Kennedy in the U.S. Senate with the blessings of George W. Bush. That was the last great effort at reform, and it failed, too.

All those good-faith proposals keep falling afoul of narrow prejudices. And the kind of parochial pols who would rather inflame their constituents' nativist passions than actually address a pressing national issue that has gone ignored for entirely too long. With the result that the GOP has become identified, especially among Hispanic voters, as the anti-immigrant party.

That's strange, for the Hispanic community ought to be natural Republican territory, considering the values that are synonymous with any group of hard-working American immigrants and their descendants. Like a strong work ethic and a deep attachment to their faith. In the case of Hispanic immigrants legal or illegal, that means a fealty to their church and its pro-life teachings. And a faith in the American dream.

Just listen to Marco Rubio, the senator from Florida, whose biography embodies that faith. Or pass by any construction site where bricks are being laid, sheeting put up, debris cleared, a roof repaired or stonework being done, and you know what you'll hear: Spanish. Or maybe mariachi music over a radio. The sounds of light conversation and heavy equipment.

Paul Greenberg

Pulitzer Prize-winning Paul Greenberg, one of the most respected and honored commentators in America, is the editorial page editor of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.