Hamas, designated a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S., has governed the Palestinian territory of Gaza since they defeated rival Fatah, the group that governs the West Bank. Hamas, along with Hezbollah, Palestine Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, Iraqi militant Shiite groups and other terror organizations, is funded in part by Iran, whose leaders routinely call for the destruction of the "fictitious" state of Israel.
Hamas' covenant calls for the destruction of Israel. The preamble reads: "Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it, just as it obliterated others before it." Article Three describes the duty of all Muslims: "(To) fear Allah and raise the banner of Jihad in the face of the oppressors."
Article Seven states: "The Day of Judgment will not come about until Muslims fight Jews and kill them. Then, the Jews will hide behind rocks and trees, and the rocks and trees will cry out: 'O Muslim, there is a Jew hiding behind me, come and kill him.'"
Article Eleven clarifies their belief that "the land of Palestine is an Islamic Waif (Holy Possession) consecrated for future Muslim generations until Judgment Day. No one can renounce it or any part, or abandon it or any part of it."
Article Thirteen flatly states: "Palestine is an Islamic land. ... Since this is the case, the liberation of Palestine is an individual duty for every Muslim wherever he may be." It also says, "There is no solution for the Palestinian problem except by Jihad."
Any doubt about how committed Hamas is to Israel's destruction?
In 2006, a mother of six sons successfully ran for parliament in Gaza under the Hamas party, billed as the "Mother of the Struggle." Three of Miriam Farahat's sons died in the so-called "intifada" or resistance against Israel. How pained is she over the loss of her sons? A Hamas recruitment video features Farahat showing her 17-year-old son how to kill Israelis and telling him not to come back. Mission accomplished. In 2002, that son murdered five Jewish students. Another son was killed when the Israeli Air Force blew up his vehicle, which was carrying Kassam rockets. Farahat celebrated his death: "I am so proud. I wish I had more sons to offer."
How far Israel is willing to go for peace was demonstrated in 2000.