With all the gloomy economic news, politicians from the left and the right want to project concern for middle-class economic anxieties. This led to a rare burst of bipartisanship and the cobbling together of so-called “stimulus” packages. The centerpieces is a tax rebate—which is really indistinguishable from plain old government handouts, since checks will be sent based on income and family size, without any real relationship to tax liability. Yet for all the talk about easing the financial pressures faced by the middle class, the government is still embracing policies that raise the cost of living and make it harder to pay the bills.
Consider the rising cost of food. According to the Bureau of Labor statistics, the cost of “food at home,” or food purchased at grocery stores, rose by 5.6 percent between December 2006 and December 2007. This included big increases in some family staples: the cost of milk increased nearly 20 percent, cheese by 13 percent, and bread by more than 10 percent. Why are families seeing their food bills climb?
The government’s energy policy shares the blame. Mandates that we use more ethanol have encouraged farmers to grow more corn, which can be used to create ethanol, and as a result farmers dedicated more of their farmland to this one crop. In 2007, twenty percent more acres were used for corn production than in 2006. The greater demand for corn made the price of corn—and products that depend on corn, such as poultry and beef—jump. But since the focus on corn left less land for raising other agricultural products, the price of commodities such as soybeans and wheat also rose to historic highs. If Congress continues to subsidize the production and mandate the use of ethanol, consumer food prices will continue to rise higher.
Heating and gas bills also increased last year. While Congress may provide additional short-term assistance for heating bills to those with the lowest income, policymakers are doing little to encourage an increase in our domestic energy supply. Policymakers still limit domestic exploration for oil and discourage the development of more refining capacity, even though these measures are among the most promising for bringing down energy prices over the long term.