MONTREAL (AP) — The lurid details — dark-of-night swapping of tainted urine samples with clean ones through a hole cut into the wall — have been confirmed by an independent investigator who delivered a 144-page report with the proof.
The reaction of policymakers to the unprecedented level of anti-doping corruption in Olympic sports has been nowhere near as headline-grabbing.
On Thursday, a bit over a year after The New York Times revealed the sordid specifics of a doping scandal that pervaded Russia's Olympic team, the World Anti-Doping Agency's governing board meets. The board won't so much enact drastic measures for Russia or for WADA's own flawed set of deterrents as it will try to gain fractions along a miles-long road of needed reforms.
The most pressing matter: With nine months until the Winter Olympics, there are few signs of what, if any, price the Russian Olympic team will pay for the corruption that has been unmasked in that country.
Investigator Richard McLaren's report, released last December, found that more than 1,000 Russian athletes competing in summer, winter and Paralympic sports could have been involved or benefited from manipulations to conceal positive doping tests.
"There's worry we'll find ourselves, if we're not already there, in the very same position as we were in Rio," said Paul Melia, CEO of Canada's anti-doping agency.
At last year's Summer Games, the International Olympic Committee refused to ban the Russians as a whole, instead giving leaders in the individual sports mere days to sort out who should be eligible to compete in Rio de Janeiro. All but one member of Russia's track team was barred, the result of a decision by that sport's governing body (IAAF) that came after an investigation — separate from McLaren's — into doping corruption in athletics. Most Russians in other sports were allowed to compete.
The IOC is conducting its own investigations to follow up on McLaren's work, which was a fact-finding mission, not one geared toward handing out sanctions.
While that has meandered, the IOC issued a position paper in March saying it supported making WADA independent from both governments and sports organizations, a mighty task that would free the agency from the conflicts that have hindered it at almost every point of the Russia investigations. Despite this call, IOC member Craig Reedie continues to serve as chairman of WADA. Reedie boldly bucked the IOC before the Rio Games and recommended a full suspension of the Russian team. He has been less definite in the lead-up to the Pyeongchang Games.
The IOC also is pushing to create an independent drug-testing authority, which would take responsibility for testing and punishment out of the hands of the sports; it was this conflict that exacerbated the Russian track crisis. The IAAF was as culpable for that scandal as Russia, and the federation still holds Russia's track team under suspension, having received few indicators that the country's anti-doping culture is changing.
Exhibit A: Russia appointed, then re-elected, Olympic champion pole vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva , who has consistently framed WADA's investigations as an anti-Russian plot, as chairwoman of a newly remade anti-doping agency (RUSADA). The agency's status will be discussed Thursday, though WADA leaders already have spoken out against Isinbayeva's appointment.
"It had to be designed to be inflammatory," Graeme Steel, CEO of New Zealand's anti-doping agency, said of the Isinbayeva appointment. "There's no other reason they'd do that. I don't foresee a lot of swift action concerning Russia."
A glimmer of progress came via a recent agreement among the seven federations who oversee winter Olympic sports to move toward an independent testing agency, much like IAAF and the international cycling federation have done. But it is only an agreement in principle and the individual sports will make the ultimate decisions about who oversees their testing programs.
What to expect at this week's meetings?
"I hope to hear more about the progress that Russia is making toward becoming compliant," said Max Cobb, executive director of U.S. Biathlon. "It's troubling to note the contrasting views, when you hear the IAAF saying absolutely no progress is being made, then you hear (others) saying they're happy with the progress being made."
Meanwhile, the clock is ticking. Opening day at the Winter Olympics is Feb. 9.
"Athletes have been here before — it's Groundhog Day," said Travis Tygart, CEO of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency. "But let's hope this time it ends with decisions being made to ensure fair play and to truly reform the system so that Olympic fans everywhere can have faith that what they are watching is real."