By Christine Kim
SEOUL (Reuters) - South Korea has accepted a last-minute invitation from China to a conference on a new Silk Road, days after a new president took office on Seoul pledging to engage in discussions with Beijing to ease tension over a U.S. anti-missile system.
Chinese President Xi Jinping extended the invitation to the Belt and Road conference in Beijing during a telephone call on Thursday with new South Korean President Moon Jae-in, Moon's spokesman, Yoon Young-chan, told a briefing on Friday.
Ties between South Korea and China, who are important trade partners, have been strained by Seoul's decision to host a U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-missile system in response to a growing missile threat from North Korea.
China has protested against the deployment saying the system's powerful radar can probe deep into its territory, undermining is security, destabilizing the regional security balance and doing little to deter North Korea.
Leaders of 29 countries and senior officials from many more gather in Beijing on Sunday for to discuss Xi's initiative to expand trade links between Asia, Africa and Europe through billions of dollars in infrastructure investment.
But until Thursday, South Korea had not been invited.
Moon will send a delegation headed by Park Byeong-seug, a veteran member of parliament and a senior official of Moon's liberal Democratic Party, Yoon said.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang, asked whether China could discuss other issues with Park like THAAD, said his visit was "mainly" to attend the Belt and Road forum.
In their telephone call on Thursday, Moon told Xi he "understands China's interest in the THAAD deployment and its concerns", Yoon said earlier.
Moon also spoke to Xi about the difficulties faced by some South Korean companies doing business in China facing discrimination in retaliation for the THAAD deployment. China denies it has done anything to hurt South Korean businesses.
Park, the member of parliament heading the delegation, has been mentioned in South Korean media as a strong candidate to be Moon's special envoy to China.
The Belt and Road initiative has been used by Xi to help showcase China as an open economy, although many diplomats and business groups have been skeptical about China's aims.
North Korea, which considers China its sole major diplomatic ally and economic benefactor, is also expected to send a delegation to the two-day meeting in Beijing, the Chinese foreign ministry has said.
(Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard in Beijing; Editing by Jack Kim and Robert Birsel)