MUNICH (AP) — Germany's defense minister told the U.S. on Friday that Washington has an interest in both a stable European Union and a united NATO, and cautioned against turning the fight against terrorism into a "front against Islam and Muslims."
Minister Ursula von der Leyen also said that it won't be enough in the future to rely on American military strength and "duck away" when things get tough.
She spoke at the opening of the Munich Security Conference, an annual gathering of diplomats and defense officials that this year offers an opportunity for many to meet with members of the Trump administration amid concerns over the new president's commitment to NATO and his attitudes toward the EU and Russia.
She was joined at the opening session by U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, who declared that "when it comes to security, no one goes their own way in this world alone."
"Security is always best when provided by a team," he said.
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence will address the meeting Saturday, and Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly also is attending.
President Donald Trump has set off alarm bells in the past by calling NATO "obsolete," though he subsequently told European leaders he agrees on the "fundamental importance" of the military alliance. He has emphasized the need for all members to pay a fair share for defense, an issue that NATO leaders themselves have pushed for years.
Mattis told fellow NATO members on Wednesday that they need to increase their military spending by year's end or risk seeing the U.S. curtail its defense support. He said Friday that "it is a fair demand that all who benefit from the best alliance in the world carry their proportionate share of the necessary costs to defend our freedoms," and added that his message had been "well received" by his counterparts.
Some of Trump's other views — his support for Britain's decision to leave the EU, his perceived closeness to Russia and his inaugural pledge to put "America first" — also have raised concerns.
"From the German point of view, our traditional reflex of relying above all on our American friends' vigor and ducking away when things really get tight ... will no longer be enough," von der Leyen said.
"We must also carry our share of the burden," she added, though she said that isn't purely a question of money.
Von der Leyen stressed the importance of strengthening EU defense capabilities and said now is the right time to take "ambitious steps," something that she said isn't just in Europe's interests.
"Our American friends know well that their tone on Europe and NATO has a direct influence on the cohesion of our continent," she said. "A stable European Union is just as much in the American interest as a united NATO."
Mattis repeated assurances he delivered at NATO over the past two days.
"President Trump came into office and has thrown now his full support to NATO," Mattis said, in a statement that appeared to acknowledge the early criticism the president had for NATO and stress a new change. "Trans-Atlantic unity buttresses European unity ... done correctly, European initiatives and NATO unity are mutually reinforcing."
In fighting the Islamic State group and other extremist organizations, von der Leyen said "we should avoid turning this battle into a front against Islam and Muslims in and of themselves — otherwise we would run the danger of deepening the divisions that violence and terror grow out of."
She also cautioned against going "bilaterally over the heads of partners" in seeking better relations with Russia.
Republican Sen. John McCain, an outspoken critic of a softer stance on Russia, introduced a discussion titled "The future of the West: Downfall or comeback?" — a question he said would have been dismissed in the past as hyperbole.
"I know there is profound concern across Europe and the world that America is laying down the mantle of global of leadership," he said. "I can only speak for myself, but I do not believe that that is the message you will hear from all of the American leaders who cared enough to travel to Munich this weekend."
"I'm a proud, unapologetic believer in the West," he said. "I believe we must always, always stand up for it."
Lolita C. Baldor in Munich and David Rising contributed to this report.