ISLAMABAD (AP) — Pakistan has detected a record number polio case already this year, a senior government official said Saturday, as militants target vaccination teams and accuse doctors of being spies and sterilizing boys.
With the confirmation of polio virus among eight more children from the northwest and southwestern city of Quetta and port city of Karachi, Pakistan broke its own 14-year-old record of highest cases in a year, said Rana Mohammad Safdar, a senior official at the National Institute of Health in Islamabad.
He said doctors discovered 202 cases from January to Oct. 3. The previous modern record was 199 cases in 2001.
"We are sad to announce that the number of polio cases is now all-time high in Pakistan,'" Safdar told The Associated Press.
Pakistan, along with Afghanistan and Nigeria, are the only three countries in the world where polio remains endemic. The highly contagious virus is transmitted in unsanitary conditions but is easily fended off with a vaccine.
However, efforts to eradicate it are hampered by the Taliban, which have banned immunizations and attacked polio vaccination teams across Pakistan. Militants stepped up attacks on polio workers after it was revealed that a Pakistani doctor, Shakil Afridi, offered a program of hepatitis vaccinations in the northwestern city of Abbottabad as a for his CIA-backed effort to obtain DNA samples from children at a local compound where Osama bin Laden live. The al-Qaida leader was later killed during a 2011 raid there by U.S. Navy SEALs.
About 60 polio workers or police escorting polio teams have been killed in Pakistan since 2012, Safdar said.
"New polio cases are surfacing because of those children who could not be immunized against the disease in tribal regions," he said. "We were expecting this alarming increase in polio case."
Safdar said Pakistan this week again launched a nationwide anti-polio drive in an attempt to get all of Pakistan's 34 million children vaccinated.