French joblessness tops 3 million for first time in 13 yrs

Reuters News
Posted: Sep 26, 2012 12:07 PM
French joblessness tops 3 million for first time in 13 yrs

By Daniel Flynn and Brian Love

PARIS (Reuters) - The number of unemployed in France topped the 3 million mark in August for the first time in 13 years, official figures showed on Wednesday, adding to President Francois Hollande's woes as he seeks to revive a stalled economy and his tumbling poll ratings.

Marking its 16th consecutive monthly rise, the number of registered jobseekers in mainland France increased by 23,900 last month to 3,011,000, Labor Ministry data showed. That was a 9 percent increase year-on-year and the highest figure since June 1999.

Labor Minister Michel Sapin blamed the policies of conservative former-President Nicolas Sarkozy for increasing insecurity in the jobs market and increasing redundancies during the current economic slowdown.

"It's bad. It's clearly bad," Sapin told France 2 television. "But this is the result of a policy: in reality, these 3 million unemployed were here when we arrived in office."

Socialist Hollande won power in May with a pledge to revive the euro zone's second largest economy and tackle rising unemployment while respecting France's EU public deficit target of 3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) next year.

But his plans have been waylaid by thousands of layoffs by major companies including carmaker Peugeot, drugmaker Sanofi, airline Air France-KLM and retailer Carrefour.

The government has fast-tracked plans for 150,000 state-sponsored jobs and Industry Minister Arnaud Montebourg is trying to mitigate job cuts by direct talks with the companies, so far to little avail.

"We haven't seen the peak of the crisis yet from a social point of view," Mathieu Plane, economist at the French Economic Observatory (OFCE), told Reuters television. "There are almost one million more unemployed people compared with early 2008 and we can't yet say that we have reached the peak."

France's 2-trillion-euro economy has posted three consecutive quarters of zero growth. Weak PMI data for September suggested it would contract in the third quarter as tax rises, unemployment and flagging exports weigh.


With voters frustrated by unemployment already running at a 10-year high, Hollande's approval ratings hit a new low of 43 percent, according to an Ifop poll on Sunday.

Earlier this month, Hollande staked his political reputation on reversing the upward trend in unemployment by the end of next year, after an overhaul of the labor market currently being negotiated with unions and employers.

"That is a risky bet," said Jean-Claude Mailly, secretary-general of the Force Ouvriere union, told Europe 1 radio. "When growth approaches zero, unemployment grows and it is an almost automatic effect."

Confidence among consumers - the motor of the French economy - slipped in September to a seven-month low, data showed on Wednesday.

"Confidence is weak both with companies and, even more so, with households. It's not really surprising given the economy has fallen in recession and the private sector is facing the biggest tax hike in decades," Bruno Cavalier, analyst at Oddo securities, wrote in a report on Wednesday.

The 2013 budget, due to go before the cabinet on Friday, is expected to contain more than 30 billion euros in budget savings - the harshest adjustment in decades. Economists have warned that some 20 billion euros in tax rises, split evenly between households and businesses, risk exacerbating the downturn.

The rise in long-term unemployment, particularly among the young, also risks destroying human capital and having long-term repercussions on France's potential growth rate, they say.

"Unemployment is high and it will stay high. For me there is no future," said Gilles, a 49-year-old standing in line at an employment agency in Paris. Declining to give his name, he said he had drifted between short-term job contracts and unemployment for the past 12 years.

"The only way to solve this problem would be to force companies to hire people, to hire me for example!"

(Additional reporting by Jean-Baptiste Vey and Pauline Ades-Mevel; editing by Patrick Graham, Ron Askew)