By Lizbeth Diaz and Gabriel Stargardter
MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's election officials on Wednesday recounted votes from more than half the polling booths in Sunday's presidential and congressional elections, responding to claims of fraud and requests for recounts in areas where the race was tight.
Officials with the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) said the recount would not significantly change preliminary results of the presidential vote, which showed Enrique Pena Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) winning with more than 38 percent of the vote, 6.5 points clear of his nearest rival.
Leftist runner-up Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador refused to concede and demanded a new tally, alleging vote-buying and coercion by the PRI, whose seven decades of rule until it lost power in 2000 were marked by widespread allegations of vote-rigging.
A small group of Lopez Obrador's supporters set up a makeshift camp outside the headquarters of the electoral institute on Wednesday.
In the weeks before the election, a student movement criticizing Pena Nieto and the PRI erupted, with many young voters rallying around Lopez Obrador's campaign mostly in Mexico City where the left won a resounding victory.
"There were a lot of electoral crimes, burnt and stolen ballot boxes," said one of the protesters, Balam Onofre, 23.
The left has accused the PRI of handing out pre-paid shopping cards and other goods to voters in exchange for support, a charge the Pena Nieto campaign denies.
Lopez Obrador had asked for a recount of every vote, but the electoral institute said that just over half the polling booths for the presidential race met the necessary conditions set out by a 2007 electoral law.
That law stipulates that a recount can only be requested at a polling station where there is a gap of less than 1 percentage point between the two leading candidates, or for other "inconsistencies" that could include hard-to-read ballots.
"This is an exercise in openness and transparency," said Edmundo Jacobo, executive secretary of the electoral institute.
The final presidential numbers were due on Thursday.
With returns counted from 54 percent of the polling stations, Pena Nieto had won 39 percent of the vote, 8 points ahead of Lopez Obrador. All these votes had either been recounted or were already considered final, the IFE said.
The final congressional counts were due on Sunday.
Other conditions that could allow for a recount were when all votes at a polling station had been cast for one party, or when the number of void ballots was bigger than the gap between the first and second-placed candidates, the institute said.
Election officials said those conditions were met for 54.5 percent of polling stations for the presidential race and just over 60 percent in the cases of the Senate and lower house of Congress, which were also elected on Sunday.
In 2006, Lopez Obrador demanded a recount after losing to President Felipe Calderon by slightly more than half a percentage point, or some 250,000 votes. This time he finished more than 3 million votes behind Pena Nieto.
Electoral law did not permit a full recount in 2006 and his request was refused. Lopez Obrador then called out his supporters who launched street protests that choked Mexico City for weeks.
(Additional reporting by Dave Graham and Mica Rosenberg. Editing by Daniel Trotta and Christopher Wilson)