As millions watched the sequin-clad samba dancers at Rio de Janeiro's iconic Carnival parade Sunday, at least a few eyes turned toward the stars, or at least toward the VIP boxes hosting celebrities such as Jennifer Lopez and Fergie.
The Carnival parade has been attracting top celebrities for much of its 80 years. Many are brought in by attention-hungry Brazilian advertisers hoping to share some of the glow of the world's biggest party.
This year, beer company Brahma was promoting Lopez, while hair care company Head and Shoulders hosted Fergie. Neither planned to actually parade in the all-night-long event, but J.Lo waved to the crowd from the posh VIP seats at the Sambadrome as 13 samba schools joined in a fierce, sweaty competition before tens of thousands inside and many more watching at home on television.
The numbers of top-tier celebrities in attendance has grown as Brazil's star has risen _ particularly since the South American giant was chosen to host the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 summer Olympics.
Recent guests at the two-day-long parade have included Madonna, Beyonce, Jude Law, Paris Hilton, Pamela Anderson and Kevin Spacey.
Spectators at the Sambadrome were split over the presence of celebrities at Carnival.
"I honestly couldn't care less if there are famous people or not," said Monica Linsay, a 23-year-old university student at the Sambadrome for the first time. "I don't care about marketing ploys. I'm here to watch the parade."
And there is much to watch: Samba soloists who shake into overdrive as soon as the cameras turn on them; dancers dressed as Teletubbies on drugs; ambulatory American flags; psychedelic flamingos, complete with stilt legs; vertically challenged jokers brandishing jumbo soccer balls; belly dancers. And that was just one single samba school.
Spectator Ligia Santos said she was happy about the celebrity presence.
"It doesn't matter that these foreign celebrities don't know how to samba or even how the parade works," the retiree said. "It's excellent they're here because it means we're sharing the beauty we have here out to the world. They're going to be bowled over by what we have."
Celebs are generally not expected to learn to samba or take part in the parade: Their work consists in watching from their sponsor's "camarote," the plush, multistory VIP lounges with catered buffets and free-flowing alcohol, as well as on-staff makeup artists and masseuses.
But it's not all fun and games for the celebrity guests, who are generally hired to star in special, Carnival-themed TV commercials. A Brahma beer ad featuring J.Lo dancing in a fair imitation of samba's frenetic footwork has been playing here for weeks.
In an interview appearing in the gossip magazine Quem, the commercial's director, Heitor Dhalias, said Lopez picked up samba's notoriously complicated steps in minutes.
"On the day of the shoot, Jennifer arrived, went to makeup and then learned to samba in half an hour," Dhalias was quoted as saying. "She has this Latin swing, and it was really easy for her to learn."
A rival beer company, Devassa, ran a commercial showing three sloppy, overweight Brazilian men worshipping at the slippered feet of a silk-robe-clad Hugh Hefner.
Hefner was missing the festivities. Brazilian news media said the 85-year-old Playboy founder bowed out at the last minute due to health problems. His youngest son, 21-year-old Cooper Hefner, took his place, accompanied by six Playmates.
Actor Richard Dean Anderson, who played the ingenious secret agent MacGyver on the 1980s TV show, was the headline guest in Salvador, the northeastern city with Brazil's second-largest Carnival celebrations.
"Goodness, what an event, what a celebration!" he wrote on his Twitter account.
A host of local celebrities also fill out the VIP lounges. This year's crop of local A-listers was to include soccer star Ronaldinho Gaucho and singer Daniela Mercury.