Police have broken up an anti-government protest in central Moscow and detained more than 20 activists.
The activists had gathered to protest Tuesday's decision not to allow their opposition party, called the Other Russia, to field candidates in Dec. 4 parliamentary election.
Other opposition parties also have been barred from the election, all but certain to be won by the dominant pro-Kremlin party United Russia.
Police rounded up the activists as they chanted "Elections without the opposition are a crime." As a wet snow fell Tuesday evening, the activists were pushed into a police bus. One woman shouted "Russia will be free" as the bus doors were closing.
Opposition protests in Russia are routinely dispersed by police.