Human Rights Watch says U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton should use her visit to Indonesia to press it for genuine military reform.
The New York-based group noted last year Washington restored ties with a special unit accused of widespread abuses in recognition of improvements since the 1998 ouster of the country's dictator Suharto.
That removed the last real barrier to full-fledged military ties.
Elaine Pearson of Human Rights Watch said Indonesia since then has shown little commitment to punishing soldiers involved in atrocities.
She says Clinton should use her visit to speak out.
Earlier this year, three soldiers got less than 10 months in jail after video showed them burning one suspect's genitals and threatening another with a knife.