The Dalai Lama, who has pushed without success for more autonomy for his native Tibet for decades, said Thursday that China is not his enemy but that some hard-line Communists are.
China says Tibet has always been part of its territory, but many Tibetans say the Himalayan region was virtually independent for centuries until the 1950s when Communist troops marched in.
Beijing reviles the Dalai Lama and frequently denounces him, alleging that he wants independence for Tibet.
When asked if China was the enemy, the Tibetan spiritual leader demurred.
"Not China. Some hard-liner Communists. They really brought a lot of suffering," he said.
But the Nobel peace laureate said the solution was not to hate them back.
"I myself deliberately visualized them and practiced tolerance," he told reporters.
He said he tries to take "their anger, their jealously, their suspicion ... then give them, through visualization, give them compassion, forgiveness.... That kind of practice (doesn't) help to solve the problem, but that practice is immense help to maintain my peace of mind."
The Dalai Lama arrived in Melbourne on Thursday for an 11-day tour of Australia, where he will give lectures on Tibetan Buddhism and his life.
Prime Minister Julia Gillard has not said yet if she will meet with the Dalai Lama. Previous prime ministers have held unofficial meetings with the spiritual leader, but even those low-key talks have irked China, which is Australia's most important trading partner.
His trip will also take him to Brisbane, Perth and the national capital of Canberra.