By Richard Balmforth
KIEV (Reuters) - Ukraine looks to the world on Tuesday to pledge more funds to help it contain the consequences of history's worst nuclear accident, but donors seem likely to put up less than the 740 million euros (more than $1 billion) it seeks.
Leaders from the Group of Eight industrial powers and the European Union are gathering in Kiev for a conference marking 25 years since the Chernobyl disaster, which has been brought into sharper focus by the nuclear crisis at Fukushima in Japan.
A European-backed venture foresees construction of a new shell over Chernobyl's No. 4 reactor, which blew up in April 1986, to contain radioactivity leaking through a makeshift shelter from hundreds of tons of radioactive material inside.
European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said on Monday that the Commission would allocate an extra 110 million euros toward this and allied Chernobyl projects.
"We hope our key partners will also step up their contributions in order to complete the works of the shelter by 2015," he said.
G8 countries were expected to put up a total of 332.8 million euros, diplomatic sources, quoted by Interfax news agency, said.
But a Commission official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said total pledges were likely to come far below the 740 million euros that Ukraine sought.
"If we get more than 500 million euros we will regard it as a success," the official said, adding that there was a question mark over the contribution from Japan, normally one of the main donors on Chernobyl.
"They are now looking to see how much money there is to solve their own problems," the official said.
Two hours before Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich was scheduled to open the event in central Kiev, nine women staged a bare-breasted demonstration in front of the conference hall, accusing his administration of undemocratic practices.
The women, of the Femen protest movement, held up placards and chanted slogans like "Political Chernobyl" and "Yanukovich is worse than radiation." [ID:nLDE6AC094] They were arrested.
WEEK OF COMMEMORATIONS
Tuesday's "donors' conference" launches a week of commemorations in Ukraine marking the Soviet-era explosion and fire at the Chernobyl plant, located on Ukraine's northern border with Belarus.
A prevailing southeast wind carried a cloud of radioactivity over Belarus and Russia and on into parts of northern Europe.
The official short-term death toll from the accident was 31, but many more died of radiation-related sicknesses such as cancer. The total death toll and long-term health effects remain a subject of intense debate.
Prypyat, the town closest to the site, is now an eerie ghost town at the center of a largely uninhabited exclusion zone with a radius of 30 km (19 miles).
A makeshift shelter or 'sarcophagus' erected over the damaged reactor within eight months of the accident has developed cracks and holes, and is no longer considered reliable.
The new containment projects foresee construction of a convex structure more than 100 meters high that will slide into place over the damaged reactor, sealing it at least until the end of the century.
During that time, work can be undertaken to dismantle the present shelter and move radioactive material to a safer place.
World leaders attending the conference include French Prime Minister Francois Fillon, whose country is current chairman of the G8, and U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
Some leaders may visit the Chernobyl site itself, about 110 km (70 miles) north of the capital.
Chernobyl has remained the benchmark for nuclear accidents. On April 12 Japan raised the severity rating at its Fukushima plant to seven -- the same level as that of Chernobyl.
(Editing by Richard Meares)