Today in History
Today is Sunday, Oct. 22, the 295th day of 2017. There are 70 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Oct. 22, 1962, in a nationally broadcast address, President John F. Kennedy revealed the presence of Soviet-built missile bases under construction in Cuba and announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment being shipped to the Communist island nation.
On this date:
In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey.
In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin (gahr-nayr-AN') made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris.
In 1836, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1926, Ernest Hemingway's first novel, "The Sun Also Rises," was published by Scribner's of New York.
In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York's Madison Square Garden.
In 1934, bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents and local police at a farm near East Liverpool, Ohio.
In 1953, the Franco-Lao Treaty of Amity and Association effectively made Laos an independent member of the French Union.
In 1964, Jean-Paul Sartre was named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature, even though the French writer had said he would decline the award.
In 1979, the U.S. government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment — a decision that precipitated the Iran hostage crisis. French conductor and music teacher Nadia Boulanger died in Paris.
In 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.
In 1991, the European Community and the European Free Trade Association concluded a landmark accord to create a free trade zone of 19 nations by 1993.
In 2014, a gunman shot and killed a soldier standing guard at a war memorial in Ottawa, then stormed the Canadian Parliament before he was shot and killed by the usually ceremonial sergeant-at-arms.
Ten years ago: A federal jury in Kansas City, Missouri, convicted Lisa Montgomery of killing expectant mother Bobbie Jo Stinnett, cutting the baby from her womb and taking the infant home (four days later, the jury recommended that Montgomery receive the death penalty). China's Communist Party gave President Hu Jintao a second five-year term. Marie Osmond fainted onstage during ABC's live broadcast of "Dancing With the Stars" after performing a samba with partner Jonathan Roberts.
Five years ago: President Barack Obama sharply challenged Mitt Romney on foreign policy in their final campaign debate, held in Boca Raton, Florida, accusing him of "wrong and reckless leadership that is all over the map"; the Republican coolly responded, "Attacking me is not an agenda" for dealing with a dangerous world. In a verdict that sent shock waves through the scientific community, an Italian court convicted seven experts of manslaughter for failing to adequately warn residents of the risk before an earthquake struck central Italy in 2009, killing more than 300 people. (The verdicts were later overturned.) San Francisco closed out Game 7 of the NL championship series, routing the St. Louis Cardinals 9-0. American Indian activist Russell Means, 72, died in Rapid City, South Dakota.
One year ago: Republican Donald Trump vowed to sue every woman who accused him of sexual assault or other inappropriate behavior, calling them "liars" whose allegations he blamed Democrats for orchestrating. The Chicago Cubs won their first pennant since 1945, beating the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-0 in Game 6 of the NL Championship Series.
Today's Birthdays: Black Panthers co-founder Bobby Seale is 81. Actor Christopher Lloyd is 79. Actor Derek Jacobi is 79. Actor Tony Roberts is 78. Movie director Jan (yahn) de Bont is 74. Actress Catherine Deneuve is 74. Rock musician Leslie West (Mountain) is 72. Former Mississippi Gov. Haley Barbour is 70. Actor Jeff Goldblum is 65. Rock musician Greg Hawkes is 65. Movie director Bill Condon is 62. Actor Luis Guzman is 60. Actor-writer-producer Todd Graff is 58. Rock musician Cris Kirkwood is 57. Actor-comedian Bob Odenkirk is 55. Olympic gold medal figure skater Brian Boitano is 54. Christian singer TobyMac is 53. Singer-songwriter John Wesley Harding is 52. Actress Valeria Golino is 51. Comedian Carlos Mencia is 50. Country singer Shelby Lynne is 49. Reggae rapper Shaggy is 49. Movie director Spike Jonze is 48. Rapper Tracey Lee is 47. Actress Saffron Burrows is 45. Actress Carmen Ejogo is 44. MLB player Ichiro Suzuki is 44. Actor Jesse Tyler Ferguson is 42. Christian rock singer-musician Jon Foreman (Switchfoot) is 41. Actor Michael Fishman is 36. Talk show host Michael Essany is 35. Rock musician Rickard (correct) Goransson (Carolina Liar) is 34. Rock musician Zac Hanson (Hanson) is 32. Actor Corey Hawkins is 29. Actor Jonathan Lipnicki is 27. Actress Sofia Vassilieva (vas-ihl-lee-A'-vuh) is 25.
Thought for Today: "Forgiveness is the final form of love." — Reinhold Niebuhr, American clergyman and author (1892-1971).