NEW YORK (Reuters) - The number of children attending charter schools in the United States hit a record of about 6 percent of all students in public schools, according to a federal education report released on Tuesday.
Charter schools are publicly funded schools operated separately from local school districts. They are usually independently run but can also be managed by for-profit companies or nonprofit organizations running multiple schools.
About 3 million students were enrolled in charter schools in the 2015-2016 school year, up from roughly 1.8 million students five years prior, according to the report by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics.
They represented 6 percent of the total in 2015-2016, up from 3.6 percent.
Of more than 90,000 public elementary and secondary schools, charter schools made up nearly 8 percent, an increase from 5.9 percent five years earlier, the report said.
The three most populous states - California, Texas and Florida - have the highest number of charter schools. In Arizona, among the most pro-charter states, charter schools make up about 25 percent of all K-12 public schools.
Six states do not allow charter schools.
As charter schools and the number of students attending them grow, bonds used to finance the schools is also a growing segment of the municipal bond market.
More than 1,000 tax-exempt charter school bonds totaling about $15.5 billion have been issued since the first deal came to market in 1998, according to a report earlier this year by NewOak's Fundamental Credit team.
(Reporting by Laila Kearney; Editing by Cynthia Osterman)