NEW YORK (AP) — After fretting over a Greek bailout, a collapse in Chinese stocks and the timing of an interest rate increase, investors are hoping U.S. corporate earnings will bring more reassuring news this month.
Companies have started to report second-quarter results, and early announcements bode well for investors unnerved by worrisome headlines and a shaky U.S. stock market.
Aluminum company Alcoa, one of the first big companies to report earnings, announced last Wednesday that its earnings edged up from a year ago. A day later, PepsiCo said higher sales from Frito-Lay helped its earnings beat expectations.
"It's going to be refreshing to move away from headlines around Greece, China and Fed rate hikes and get back to the underlying fundamentals that should be driving stock prices," said Michael Arone, chief investment strategist at State Street Global Advisors.
A lift is just what stock investors need.
Fears about Greece and China have shaken up the market this summer. The Standard & Poor's 500 index edged down 0.2 percent from April through June, the index's first losing quarter since December 2012. Last week, the index closed down as much as 4 percent from its all-time high on May 21.
For the year, things aren't so bad. But the S&P 500's 2.4 percent gain so far is small compared to the same period the prior two years. The index surged 17.8 percent through mid-July of 2013 and climbed 6.5 percent over that same stretch last year.
Results have grown every quarter since late 2009, supporting a bull market for U.S. stocks over that time.
For the second quarter, companies in the S&P 500 are expected to report that earnings fell an average of 4.5 percent, according to data provider S&P Capital IQ. Much of that decline, though, is due to lower profits at energy companies, which have been hit by a 50 percent drop in the price of oil over the past year.
Companies also have had a habit of low-balling their earnings forecasts in the past, giving them an easier hurdle to clear when they report final results. As a result, earnings often beat the predictions of Wall Street analysts.
For example, early forecasts for the first quarter of this year showed that companies would report a 3.2 percent decline in earnings. Once all the numbers were tallied, earnings climbed 4.2 percent.
Outside of energy, many companies are in good health, investors say.
"To me the story is underneath the headline numbers," said Darrell Cronk, chief investment officer at Wells Fargo Investment Institute. "You still have really good growth in a number of sectors."
Earnings are expected to grow strongly for telecommuncations companies, as well as health care firms.
On Tuesday, JPMorgan, the largest U.S. bank by assets, said that its second-quarter profit rose 4 percent. Profits increased as the bank continued to trim its expenses.
Johnson & Johnson was another big-name company reporting earnings. The maker of Band-Aids, medical devices and drugs said restrained spending and a sizeable one-time gain helped boost its earnings more than 4 percent in its latest quarter. It also raised its profit forecast for the year despite a negative impact from the strengthening dollar.
As more companies report earnings in the coming weeks, investors see three key issues:
The collapse in oil prices has hit energy companies hard. Second-quarter earnings are projected to slump 61 percent from the same period a year earlier, making it by far the worst-performing industry. If energy companies are excluded from the mix, earnings for S&P 500 companies are forecast to rise 3.8 percent.
Many investors are optimistic about companies that rely on consumer spending. That's because hiring has steadily improved this year and there are signs that wages are edging higher. And while the slump in oil has hurt energy producers, it has also lowered gas prices, putting more money into shoppers' pockets.
Earnings for the consumer discretionary sector, which includes Macy's and Amazon, as well as entertainment companies Netflix and CBS, are expected to grow 6.1 percent.
"The consumer has a bit more free cash," said State Street's Arone.
Sure, Greece has been in a drag on stocks in recent weeks. But the European economy was actually showing signs of strength before anxiety soared over Greece possibly leaving the eurozone — the group of 19 countries that share the single euro currency. Europe's economy grew 0.4 percent in the first quarter, its best performance since the second quarter of 2013. Growth in Europe was actually faster than in the U.S.
"The big question is Europe and are U.S. multi-nationals seeing any signs of a durable recovery there," said David Lefkowitz, an executive director and equity strategist at UBS.
Investors will be eager to hear from companies whether the Greek crisis has had an impact on their business in Europe, he said.