Today in History

AP News
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Posted: May 16, 2015 12:00 AM

Today is Saturday, May 16, the 136th day of 2015. There are 229 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On May 16, 1975, Japanese climber Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

On this date:

In 1763, the English lexicographer, author and wit Samuel Johnson first met his future biographer, James Boswell.

In 1770, Marie Antoinette, age 14, married the future King Louis XVI of France, who was 15.

In 1868, the U.S. Senate failed by one vote to convict President Andrew Johnson as it took its first ballot on the eleven articles of impeachment against him.

In 1920, Joan of Arc was canonized by Pope Benedict XV.

In 1929, the first Academy Awards were presented. "Wings" won "best production," while Emil Jannings (YAHN'-ings) and Janet Gaynor were named best actor and best actress.

In 1939, the federal government began its first food stamp program in Rochester, New York.

In 1943, the nearly month-long Warsaw Ghetto Uprising came to an end as German forces crushed the Jewish resistance and blew up the Great Synagogue.

In 1948, CBS News correspondent George Polk, who'd been covering the Greek civil war between communist and nationalist forces, was found slain in Salonika Harbor.

In 1955, American author and critic James Agee died in New York at age 45.

In 1965, the musical "The Roar of the Greasepaint — the Smell of the Crowd" opened on Broadway.

In 1988, the U.S. Supreme Court, in California v. Greenwood, ruled that police can search discarded garbage without a search warrant. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop released a report declaring nicotine was addictive in ways similar to heroin and cocaine.

In 1990, death claimed entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. in Los Angeles at age 64 and "Muppets" creator Jim Henson in New York at age 53.

Ten years ago: Newsweek magazine retracted its Quran abuse story that sparked deadly protests in Afghanistan. Army Spc. Sabrina Harman was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, of six of the seven charges she'd faced for her role in the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib. (Harman was sentenced to six months in prison after testimony about her acts of kindness toward Iraqis before she became an Abu Ghraib guard; she served about three months.) The Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that states can't bar out-of-state wine shipments. Mexican President Vicente Fox said he regretted any hurt feelings for saying Mexicans in the United States were doing the work that even blacks wouldn't.

Five years ago: BP crews finally succeeded in keeping some of the oil rushing from a blown well out of the Gulf of Mexico by hooking up a mile-long tube to funnel the crude into a tanker ship. Space shuttle Atlantis arrived at the International Space Station. Rafael Nadal won a record 18th Masters title by beating Roger Federer 6-4, 7-6 (5) in the Madrid final. Lebanese-born Miss Michigan Rima Fakih won the 2010 Miss USA title. Former Honduran strongman Oswaldo Lopez Arellano died at age 88. Jazz pianist and composer Hank Jones died in New York at 91.

One year ago: Federal safety regulators slapped General Motors with a record $35 million fine for taking more than a decade to disclose an ignition-switch defect in millions of cars linked at that point to at least 13 deaths (the figure later rose to 90). U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel pledged to Israeli leaders that the U.S. would "do what we must" to prevent the Jewish state's greatest fear of a nuclear-armed Iran from being realized. Cornell William Brooks was chosen to be the next national president and CEO of the NAACP.

Today's Birthdays: U.S. Rep John Conyers, D-Mich., is 86. Former U.S. Senator and Connecticut Governor Lowell Weicker is 84. Jazz musician Billy Cobham is 71. Actor Danny Trejo is 71. Actor Bill Smitrovich is 68. Actor Pierce Brosnan is 62. Actress Debra Winger is 60. Olympic gold medal gymnast Olga Korbut is 60. Actress Mare Winningham is 56. Rock musician Boyd Tinsley (The Dave Matthews Band) is 51. Rock musician Krist Novoselic (noh-voh-SEL'-ik) is 50. Singer Janet Jackson is 49. Country singer Scott Reeves (Blue County) is 49. Actor Brian (BREE'-un) F. O'Byrne is 48. Rhythm-and-blues singer Ralph Tresvant (New Edition) is 47. Actor David Boreanaz is 46. Political correspondent Tucker Carlson is 46. Actress Tracey Gold is 46. Tennis player Gabriela Sabatini is 45. Country singer Rick Trevino is 44. Musician Simon Katz is 44. Entrepreneur Bill Rancic is 44. Actress Tori Spelling is 42. Singer-rapper B. Slade (formerly known as Tonex) is 40. Actress Lynn Collins is 38. Actress Melanie Lynskey is 38. Actress Megan Fox is 29. Actor Drew Roy is 29. Actor Jacob Zachar is 29. Actor Marc John Jefferies is 25. Olympic bronze medal figure skater Ashley Wagner is 24. Actor Miles Heizer is 21.

Thought for Today: "The enemy of the conventional wisdom is not ideas but the march of events." — John Kenneth Galbraith, American economist, diplomat and author (1908-2006).

(Above Advance for Use Saturday, May 16)

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