Today in History

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Posted: Sep 05, 2011 12:01 AM
Today in History

Today is Monday, Sept. 5, the 248th day of 2011. There are 117 days left in the year. This is Labor Day.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Sept. 5, 1972, Black September terrorists attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the siege.

On this date:

In 1774, the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.

In 1793, the Reign of Terror began during the French Revolution as the National Convention instituted harsh measures to repress counter-revolutionary activities.

In 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.

In 1914, the First Battle of the Marne, resulting in a French-British victory over Germany, began during World War I.

In 1939, four days after war had broken out in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation declaring U.S. neutrality in the conflict.

In 1945, Japanese-American Iva Toguri D'Aquino, suspected of being wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," was arrested in Yokohama. (D'Aquino was later convicted of treason and served six years in prison; she was pardoned in 1977 by President Gerald R. Ford.)

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed legislation making aircraft hijackings a federal crime.

In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif.

In 1986, four hijackers who had seized a Pan Am jumbo jet on the ground in Karachi, Pakistan, opened fire when the lights inside the plane failed; a total of 22 people were killed in the hijacking.

In 1991, the 35th annual Naval Aviation Symposium held by the Tailhook Association opened in Las Vegas. (The gathering was marred by reports that dozens of people, most of them women, had been sexually assaulted or otherwise harassed during the meeting.)

Ten years ago: Mexican President Vicente (vih-SEN'-tay) Fox arrived at the White House as the first state visitor of the Bush presidency. Peru's attorney general filed homicide charges against Alberto Fujimori, linking the ex-president to two massacres by paramilitary death squads in the early 1990s. (Fujimori was later convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to 25 years in prison.) Sports commentator Heywood Hale Broun died in Kingston, N.Y., at age 83.

Five years ago: A cook was charged with shooting and dismembering the owner of a Maine bed-and-breakfast and three other people in a Labor Day weekend rampage (Christian Nielsen was later sentenced to life in prison). Felipe Calderon was declared Mexico's president-elect after two months of uncertainty over a disputed election. Boeing executive Alan Mulally was named president and CEO of Ford Motor Co., succeeding Bill Ford, the great-grandson of founder Henry Ford.

One year ago: A Los Angeles police officer shot and killed Manuel Jaminez, a Guatemalan immigrant, in a case that sparked angry protests. (A civilian oversight panel later said the officer was justified in using deadly force against Jaminez, who witnessses said was drunk and threatening passersby with a knife.) Jefferson Thomas, one of nine black students to integrate a Little Rock high school in America's first major battle over school segregation, died in Columbus, Ohio, at age 67.

Today's Birthdays: Former Federal Reserve Board chairman Paul A. Volcker is 84. Comedian-actor Bob Newhart is 82. Actress-singer Carol Lawrence is 79. Actor William Devane is 72. Actor George Lazenby is 72. Actress Raquel Welch is 71. Movie director Werner Herzog is 69. Singer Al Stewart is 66. Actor-director Dennis Dugan is 65. College Football Hall of Famer Jerry LeVias is 65. Singer Loudon Wainwright III is 65. "Cathy" cartoonist Cathy Guisewite (GYZ'-wyt) is 61. Actor Michael Keaton is 60. Country musician Jamie Oldaker (The Tractors) is 60. Actress Debbie Turner-Larson (Film: Marta in "The Sound of Music") is 55. Actress Kristian Alfonso is 48. Rhythm-and-blues singer Terry Ellis is 48. Rock musician Brad Wilk is 43. TV personality Dweezil Zappa is 42. Actress Rose McGowan is 38. Actor Andrew Ducote is 25. Actress Katerina Graham is 25. Olympic gold medal figure skater Kim Yu-na is 21. Actor Skandar Keynes is 20.

Thought for Today: "If moderation is a fault, then indifference is a crime." _ Jack Kerouac, American novelist (1922-1969).

(Above Advance for Use Monday, Sept. 5)

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