Today in History

AP News
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Posted: Aug 14, 2011 12:00 AM
Today in History

Today is Sunday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 2011. There are 139 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Aug. 14, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, a statement of principles that renounced aggression, endorsed the right of people to choose their form of government and called for improving the economic well-being of nations.

On this date:

In 1848, the Oregon Territory was created.

In 1908, a race riot erupted in Springfield, Ill., as a white mob began setting black-owned homes and businesses on fire; at least two blacks and five whites were killed in the violence.

In 1909, the newly opened Indianapolis Motor Speedway held its first event, a series of motorcycle races.

In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law.

In 1936, Rainey Bethea became the last man to be publicly executed in the United States as he was hanged in Owensboro, Ky., for raping 70-year-old Lischia Edwards.

In 1945, President Harry S. Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.

In 1947, Pakistan became independent of British rule.

In 1951, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst, 88, died in Beverly Hills, Calif.

In 1969, British troops went to Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

In 1981, Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital, three months after being wounded in an attempt on his life. Conductor Karl Boehm died in Salzburg, Austria, two weeks before his 87th birthday.

Ten years ago: Twenty people detained in riots at the Group of Eight summit in Italy the previous month were ordered released by a Genoa court _ 15 Austrians, three Americans, a Slovak and a Swede.

Five years ago: Israel halted its offensive against Hezbollah guerrillas as a U.N.-imposed cease-fire went into effect after a month of warfare that had killed more than 900 people. Cuban state television aired the first video of Fidel Castro since he stepped down as president to recover from surgery, showing the bedridden Cuban leader talking with his brother Raul as well as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (OO'-goh CHAH'-vez). Actor Bruno Kirby died in Los Angeles at age 57.

One year ago: A day after weighing in on the issue, President Barack Obama repeated that Muslims had the right to build a mosque near New York's ground zero, but said he was not commenting on the "wisdom" of such a choice. Eight people leaving a party at a downtown Buffalo, N.Y., restaurant were shot, four fatally, including a Texas man who'd returned to his hometown to celebrate his first wedding anniversary. (Former gang member Riccardo McCray was later convicted of first-degree murder and attempted murder, and sentenced to life without parole.) A truck overturned during an off-road race in the Mojave Desert, killing eight spectators.

Today's Birthdays: Broadway lyricist Lee Adams ("Bye Bye Birdie") is 87. Pulitzer Prize-winning author Russell Baker is 86. Singer Buddy Greco is 85. Baseball Hall of Fame coach Earl Weaver is 81. College Football Hall of Famer John Brodie is 76. Singer Dash Crofts is 73. Rock singer David Crosby is 70. Country singer Connie Smith is 70. Comedian-actor Steve Martin is 66. Actor Antonio Fargas is 65. Singer-musician Larry Graham is 65. Actress Susan Saint James is 65. Actor David Schramm is 65. Author Danielle Steel is 64. Rock singer-musician Terry Adams (NRBQ) is 61. "Far Side" cartoonist Gary Larson is 61. Actor Carl Lumbly is 60. Olympic gold medal swimmer Debbie Meyer is 59. Film composer James Horner is 58. Actress Jackee Harry is 55. Actress Marcia Gay Harden is 52. Former basketball player Earvin "Magic" Johnson is 52. Singer Sarah Brightman is 51. Actress Susan Olsen is 50. Actress-turned-fashion/interior designer Cristi Conaway is 47. Rock musician Keith Howland (Chicago) is 47. Actress Halle Berry is 45. Actress Catherine Bell is 43. Country musician Cody McCarver (Confederate Railroad) is 43. Rock musician Kevin Cadogan is 41. Actor Scott Michael Campbell is 40. Actress Lalanya Masters is 39. Actor Christopher Gorham is 37. Actress Mila Kunis is 28. TV personality Spencer Pratt is 28.

Thought for Today: "Home is any four walls that enclose the right person." _ Helen Rowland, American writer, journalist and humorist (1876-1950).

(Above Advance for Use Sunday, Aug. 14)

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