American and Pakistani experts have laid out a road map for Pakistan to establish stability and move from military dominance toward civilian rule in the next decade.
The 31 experts call for overhauling the country's education and judicial systems, investing $5 billion in energy production, taking steps to end its conflict with India, and joining with neighbors to confront terrorism.
Their report, published Wednesday by the Asia Society, says Pakistan has stumbled from one crisis to another in recent years and faces serious challenges including terrorism, religious extremism, underdevelopment and chronic political instability.
Earlier this month, U.S. military forces killed al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden at his house in Pakistan near a military academy in the volatile northwest.
The experts say Pakistan, the U.S., and other international partners must make a long-term commitment to "genuine reform."