Today is Monday, April 11, the 101st day of 2011. There are 264 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On April 11, 1961, former SS officer Adolf Eichmann went on trial in Israel, charged with crimes against humanity for his role in the Nazi Holocaust. (Eichmann was convicted and executed.)
On this date:
In 1689, William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
In 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as Emperor of the French and was banished to the island of Elba.
In 1899, the treaty ending the Spanish-American War was declared in effect.
In 1921, Iowa became the first state to impose a cigarette tax, at 2 cents a package.
In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the notorious Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.
In 1951, President Harry S. Truman relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his commands in the Far East.
In 1970, Apollo 13, with astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert, blasted off on its ill-fated mission to the moon.
In 1979, Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian (tan-zuh-NEE'-uhn) forces seized control.
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan returned to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after he was wounded in an assassination attempt. Race-related rioting erupted in the Brixton district of south London.
In 1991, the musical "Miss Saigon," which sparked controversy over charges it was racist and sexist, opened on Broadway.
Ten years ago: Ending a tense 11-day standoff, China agreed to free the 24 crew members of an American spy plane after President George W. Bush said he was "very sorry" for the death of a Chinese fighter pilot whose plane had collided with the American aircraft. A stampede at a packed soccer stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, killed 43 people.
Five years ago: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (mahk-MOOD' ah-muh-DEE'-neh-zhahd) announced that his country had succeeded in enriching uranium on a small scale for the first time. Israel's Cabinet declared Prime Minister Ariel Sharon (ah-ree-EL' shah-ROHN'), who had suffered a stroke, permanently incapacitated, officially ending his five-year tenure. A suicide bombing during an outdoor Sunni Muslim prayer service in Karachi, Pakistan, killed more than 50 people. June Pointer, the youngest of the Pointer Sisters, died in Los Angeles at age 52.
One year ago: Thousands of people stood in the streets of Poland's cities in a silent tribute to President Lech Kaczynski (lekh kah-CHIN'-skee) and the other 95 people killed in a plane crash the day before. After a five-month hiatus, golfer Tiger Woods tied for fourth at the Masters, as Phil Mickelson earned his third green jacket.
Today's Birthdays: Former New York State Governor Hugh Carey is 92. Ethel Kennedy is 83. Actor Joel Grey is 79. Actress Louise Lasser is 72. Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Ellen Goodman is 70. Movie writer-director John Milius is 67. Actor Peter Riegert is 64. Actor Meshach Taylor is 64. Movie director Carl Franklin is 62. Actor Bill Irwin is 61. Country singer-songwriter Jim Lauderdale is 54. Songwriter-producer Daryl Simmons is 54. Rock musician Nigel Pulsford is 50. Actor Lucky Vanous is 50. Country singer Steve Azar is 47. Singer Lisa Stansfield is 45. Rock musician Dylan Keefe (Marcy Playground) is 41. Actor Johnny Messner is 41. Actor Vicellous (vy-SAY'-luhs) Shannon is 40. Rapper David Banner is 37. Actress Tricia Helfer is 37. Rock musician Chris Gaylor (The All-American Rejects) is 32. Actress Kelli Garner is 27. Singer Joss Stone is 24.
Thought for Today: "If we were to wake up some morning and find that everyone was the same race, creed, and color, we would find some other causes for prejudice by noon." _ George Aiken, U.S. senator (1892-1984).
(Above Advance for Use Monday, April 11)
Copyright 2011, The Associated Press. All rights reserved.