NEW YORK (Reuters) - Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke will hold media briefings four times a year in a historic shift to greater openness at the traditionally secretive U.S. central bank.
* Bernanke will hold a rare question-and-answer session with reporters on April 27 following a regularly scheduled two-day meeting Fed meeting on monetary policy, the Fed said on Thursday.
* It is the first regularly scheduled briefing by a Fed chairman in the history of the central bank.
* Further briefings will coincide with Fed meetings at which officials provide their quarterly economic forecasts, which fall in June and November this year.
* "The introduction of regular press briefings is intended to further enhance the clarity and timeliness of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy communication," the central bank said in a statement.
ERIC KUBY, CHIEF INVESTMENT OFFICER, NORTH STAR INVESTMENT
MANAGEMENT CORP., CHICAGO:
"My general reaction was that there seems to be continued heightened market reactions to Fed policy and I think the more transparency -- at least in the short run -- the more information that is given to the market the better."
"There's going to more days when Fed policy is moving the market but it is going to be moving it less on those days."
PAUL SIMON, CHIEF INVESTMENT OFFICER, TACTICAL ALLOCATION GROUP, BIRMINGHAM, MICHIGAN:
"The idea makes a lot of sense but the proof will be in the pudding. We'll see how this differs from the Fed minutes in terms of the amount of detail being shared. On the surface this appears to be a positive but I'll wait to see what's disclosed before I put my stamp of approval on it.
"There's always heightened volatility around times when the Fed meets, so absolutely that's possible here, both leading up to the briefings and during them. But while it will be very important to understand what the Fed is saying, I don't expect we'll be changing our allocation based on the comments."
ERIC STEIN, FUND MANAGER, EATON VANCE, BOSTON:
"Right when it happens there might be more volatility, but assuming that the message is clear and the Fed's opinion doesn't change intra-meeting, there probably should be less. If markets are efficient and the Fed is clear in what it does, it might take some volatility to get there but then there should be less volatility in the future.
"On the margin, people will have a better idea of what the Fed's thinking."
RICHARD GILHOOLY, INTEREST RATE STRATEGIST, TD SECURITIES, NEW YORK:
"If there is Q&A it would be of interest, if it's just the Fed having a video presentation of what they say in print then maybe there's a little bit more clarity but I doubt a lot more.
"The ECB does this, and has Q&A, and on occasion there have been slip ups. There have been comments that have been clarified.
"There could be more volatility, that might be why Bernanke might avoid a Q&A, with a Q&A he doesn't get the chance to rehearse what he's going to say.
"Its taken a long time to get to this conclusion, and the ECB's doing this for a while, more clarity and more transparency is better so they should have done it a long time ago."
LOU CRANDALL, CHIEF ECONOMIST, WRIGHTSON ICAP, JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY:
"One of the problems the Fed has right now is that the statement is so terse that it's very difficult to use that to convey nuanced policy views and this will actually give the FOMC the chance to be a little less guarded in the way it writes the initial statement in that it can clear up any nuances in how different aspects of it should be interpreted.
"Right now, the typical market commentary on the statement is significantly longer than the statement itself, and that is not a good thing. Bernanke is likely to be able to focus attention -- it will be interesting to see if the statements in non-press conference meetings feel very different from the statements at press conference meetings.
"There are cases where more clarity just means that the market has a more unified reaction and that is something that the Fed has decided it's going to accept as it moves toward more clarity.
"Yes, this certainly at times could lead to sharper moves in the market but that's something the Fed accepts. The point of this is to provide more information, and more information at times drives more market movement.
"Bernanke's been looking for ways to speed up the communications about the Fed's policy views since the beginning of his tenure and the ECB demonstrates that press conferences can be done and that, I think, opened the door as a natural progression in the Fed's efforts to be not just more clear but more nuanced."
KEVIN FLANAGAN, CHIEF FIXED-INCOME STRATEGIST MORGAN STANLEY SMITH BARNEY:
"The Fed's goal is to open the lines of communication. I'd lean in the direction that it would be more like Trichet's press conferences. These conferences will occur only four times a year, which is after just half of the meetings.
"I don't necessarily think Chairman Bernanke would give up anything more than what was mentioned in the policy statement. One way we could benefit is that if the market misinterprets the policy statement, Bernanke would have a chance to clarify the committee's intentions. I think it's procedural, rather than market-moving.
"While it does give Bernanke an opportunity to clarify any market misinterpretation of the policy statement, it also opens the door to misinterpretation of what he says. He's still going to be very careful. It could just be similar to his Congressional testimony which typically rehashes ideas that have already been discussed by the policy committee. You don't want the press conference to create more uncertainty."
JOSH STILES, BOND STRATEGIST, IDEAGLOBAL, NEW YORK:
"I can imagine that the Fed is going to be very careful about what they say on top of the statement. They will probably have all kinds of rules and regulations so I am not totally convinced we are going to learn a lot more from these press conferences. People will try to figure out if it means they are going to raise rates or not, and how is the Fed going to clarify that apart from the statement?"