By Suleiman al-Khalidi
DERAA, Syria (Reuters) - Thousands of mourners called on Saturday for "revolution" at the funeral of protesters killed by Syrian security forces, the boldest challenge to Syria's rulers since uprisings began sweeping the Arab world.
At least ten thousand people demonstrated on Saturday in Deraa, a tribal region south of the capital, at the funeral of two protesters of at least four were killed on Friday.
"Revolution, revolution. Rise up Hauran," chanted the mourners in Deraa, administrative capital of the strategic Hauran plateau, as they marched behind simple wood coffins of Wissam Ayyash and Mahmoud al-Jawabra.
"God, Syria, Freedom. Whoever kills his own people is a traitor," they said.
The two were killed when security forces opened fire on Friday on civilians taking part in a peaceful protest demanding political freedoms and an end to corruption in Syria, which has been ruled under emergency laws by President Bashar al-Assad's Baath Party for nearly half a century.
A third man who was killed on Friday, Ayhem al-Hariri, was buried in a village near Deraa earlier on Saturday. A fourth protester, Adnan Akrad, died on Saturday from his wounds.
Secret police at the main funeral in Deraa arrested at least one mourner, activists said. Security was heavy in the city, especially around police stations.
CHILDREN ARRESTS FUEL RESENTMENT
Protests against Syria's ruling elite, inspired by revolts in the Arab world, have gathered momentum this week after a silent protest in Damascus by 150 people demanding the release of thousands of political prisoners.
At least one activist from Deraa, Diana al-Jawabra, took part in the protest. She was arrested and is facing charges of weakening national morale, along with 32 protesters in jail, a lawyer said.
Jawabra was campaigning for the release of 15 schoolchildren in who were arrested in Deraa this month after writing slogans on walls inspired by revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia that swept their autocratic leaders from power.
Residents say the children's arrests in the tribal region deepened feelings of repression and helped fuel the protests in Deraa, the biggest threat yet to the authority of Assad.
Assad said in an interview in January that Syria's leadership was "very closely linked to the beliefs of the people" and there was no mass discontent.
"The leadership have given a clear signal that they are not in any hurry to embark on fundamental political reform," one diplomat in the Syrian capital said.
Deraa is home to thousands of displaced people from eastern Syria, where up to 1 million people have left their homes because of a water crisis over the past six years. Experts say state mismanagement of resources has worsened the crisis.
The Hauran region, once a Middle East bread basket, has also been affected by diminishing water levels, with yields per hectare falling by a quarter in Deraa last year.
(Editing by Khaled Yacoub Oweis and Peter Graff)