War

Woman accused of war crimes to fight extradition

AP News
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Posted: Mar 18, 2011 12:27 PM
Woman accused of war crimes to fight extradition

A Croatian woman will fight efforts to take her from small-town Kentucky to Bosnia to face war crimes charges accusing her of torturing prisoners two decades ago after the breakup of Yugoslavia, her public defender said Friday.

Patrick Nash of Lexington, attorney for Azra Basic, 52, declined Friday to comment on any other aspect of the case. He said the woman was "holding up OK."

"It's pretty scary for her or anyone else in that kind of situation," Nash said.

Nash said he plans to request bail, saying there was no risk she would not show up for court proceedings.

U.S. Magistrate Judge Robert E. Wier on Thursday ordered Basic (pronounced BOSH) held without bond pending an April 1 status hearing. Prosecutors argued that no bail amount would guarantee Basic's presence in court.

A complaint filed Tuesday by U.S. Attorney James Arehart accuses Basic of committing crimes at three camps near the majority-Serbian settlement of Cardak in Derventa. As a soldier in the Croatian army, she killed a prisoner and tortured others by forcing them to drink human blood and gasoline, authorities said.

The Croatian woman locals in Stanton knew as "Issabella" settled years ago in this rural, hilly area and took jobs bathing elderly nursing home patients and working at a sandwich factory.

U.S. Marshal Loren "Squirrel" Carl said officers were relieved to have captured Basic.

"This brings her long run from justice to an end," Carl said.

According to court documents, Basic is charged with fatally stabbing a prisoner in the neck in 1992 during the bloody conflict in eastern Europe. Court documents accuse her of numerous other atrocities, including: setting a prisoner ablaze, pulling out prisoners' fingernails with pliers, ripping off a man's ear with pliers, and carving crosses and the letter "S" into another man's flesh.

The accusations were shocking to 44-year-old former neighbor Brian Rice.

"She's a pretty nice person," said Rice, who lived near her for about two years until she moved in November. "If I was standing here right now and ... she drove by, she would throw her hand up and if the window was down, she would speak and say 'hi' by my name."

An elderly woman who came under Basic's care also had a favorable impression.

"She's a lovely person, very diligent in her work," said 88-year-old Henrietta Kirchner, who was one of Basic's patients at the Stanton Nursing Center for about a week when she was recovering from a broken leg.

It's unclear why Basic chose to settle in Stanton, a town about 45 miles east of Lexington known for its annual corn festival. But if she was looking for a place to get away from her past, she had found it, Rice said.

"Everybody sticks to themselves around here," he said. "We don't have no neighborly get-togethers. We speak if we know you."

Basic was an employee at the Nestle Prepared Foods plant in Mount Sterling that makes Hot Pockets-brand sandwiches, the company said, declining to provide additional details.

Jo Epperson, a clerk at the local smoke shop where she said Basic bought a carton of Kentucky-made 24/7 Menthol cigarettes once a week, said she asked Basic on one occasion what brought her to the area.

Epperson said Basic responded vaguely that "she was part of the war" but didn't elaborate.

Bosnian authorities have been slowly building a case against her for years, taking statements from witnesses, forensic experts and doctors between 1992 and 2001 to identify her. Interpol traced Basic to Kentucky in 2004, an international arrest warrant was issued in 2006 and the U.S. received a formal extradition request in February 2007, according to a complaint filed in federal court.

Hundreds of fugitives are still being sought for war crimes, with a steady trickle of several arrests each month. Most other fugitives are men.

More than 100,000 people were killed during the bloody war that followed Yugoslavia's collapse, most of them Muslim Bosnians. The war was fought among the country's three ethnic groups _ Muslim Bosnians, Catholic Croats and Christian Orthodox Serbs.

Witnesses said the Croatian military took ethnic Serbs from the Cardak settlement in late April 1992 and tortured them, according to the federal prosecutors' complaint.

One witness describes watching as another prisoner named Blagoje Djuras was beaten unconscious. The witness said Basic then stabbed him in the neck, killing him, and dragged other Serbs to the body "and made us drink that blood." A second witness corroborated the account of the stabbing and identified a picture of Basic in 2009, Arehart said.

Another man told investigators in September 1992 that he was forced to drink gasoline, beaten unconscious, and had his hands and face set on fire by Basic, who was wearing a Croatian military police uniform. A subsequent medical exam concluded the witness had been tortured.

Another witness said that in August 1992, Basic cut a cross and four "S" letters into his forehead before hacking his neck below the Adam's apple.

Another said Basic and others forced him to "lick blood off floors covered in broken glass and crawl on the glass with a knotted rope in his mouth with which soldiers used to pull out the teeth of prisoners."

Federal prosecutors say each offense violates the United Nations Convention Against Torture, which prohibits inhumane and degrading treatment of people.

Court records show that during Basic's arrest, federal marshals also arrested Theodore S. Loman, 63, who was also listed as living at the home, on a charge of being a convicted felon in possession of firearms. A federal affidavit said marshals found several pistols and rifles in the house when they arrived to arrest Basic.