The nation's highest-ranking military officer told soldiers and Marines on Monday that the insurgency in Afghanistan has grown in the last three years and he expects casualties to rise next year as additional U.S. troops pour into the war.
"This is the most dangerous time I've seen growing up the last four decades in uniform," Adm. Mike Mullen, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told about 1,000 Marines at Camp Lejeune.
Many attending Mullen's talks at Camp Lejeune and Fort Campbell, Ky., will be sent to Afghanistan in President Barack Obama's plan announced last week.
After the first of the year, the Marines will begin sending an additional 6,200 from Lejeune and Camp Pendleton, Calif., the Pentagon announced Monday. The Army will also begin sending in the first of its forces in the spring _ a training brigade with about 3,400 soldiers from Fort Drum, N.Y. Three brigades from Fort Campbell's 101st Airborne Division are also heading to Afghanistan and about 4,100 support forces from various places will deploy early.
"We are not winning, which means we are losing and as we are losing, the message traffic out there to (insurgency) recruits keeps getting better and better and more keep coming," Mullen said. "That's why we need the 30,000 and in particular, and you are the lead on this, getting in there this year, over the next 12 months, almost in lightning bolt fashion."
Mullen told 700 soldiers at Fort Campbell that military leaders believe they have 18 to 24 months to reverse the insurgency, in what he expects to be a tough and bloody fight.
"I am sure we will sustain an increase in the level of casualties, and I don't want to be in any way unclear about that," he told troops at Fort Campbell. "This is what happened in Iraq during the surge and as tragic as it is, to turn this thing around, it will be a part of this surge, as well."
"I expect a tough fight in 2010," Mullen said.
Camp Lejeune will supply 1,500 Marines by Christmas. An additional 6,200 are to follow next year. Pvt. William Schneider, 20 from Woodbridge, N.J., expects to deploy early next year. As a new rifleman, the deployment will be his first.
"This is what we've been training up for nine months. We want to put our training to use," Schneider said.
Many questions from soldiers and Marines focused on the role of Pakistan and America's NATO allies in containing al-Qaida and the Taliban and on the July 2011 withdraw date.
Mullen said the 2011 date is not an end or withdrawal date.
"In the long run, it is not going to be about killing Taliban," Mullen told the Marines at Camp Lejeune.
Mullen said the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is "the epicenter for global terrorism."
He said Pakistan's military has made huge gains in routing out terrorists from that country, but reminded soldiers that Pakistan is a sovereign nation and that the U.S. wants to maintain a long-term stable relationship with Pakistan.
"In the long run, we are anxious to get at al-Qaida and the leadership that resides in that border area," he said. "Strategically the way you do this in my view is to bring pressure from both sides."
Kristin M. Hall reported from Fort Campbell, Ky. AP National Security Writer Anne Gearan in Washington contributed to this report.