WASHINGTON (AP) — Global warming will bring much more sneezing and wheezing to Europe by mid-century, a new study says.
Ragweed pollen levels are likely to quadruple for much of Europe because warmer temperatures will allow the plants to take root more, and carbon dioxide will make them grow more, says a study published Monday in the journal Nature Climate Change. Other factors not related to man-made climate change will also contribute.
Ragweed isn't native to Europe, but was imported from America in the late 19th century. It hasn't quite become established all over the continent, at least not yet.
Parts of France, the United Kingdom and Germany don't have the allergens now, but they will by 2050, says study co-author Robert Vautard, a climate scientist at the Climate and Environment Sciences Laboratory in Yvette, France. That includes Paris, where Vautard lives.
"As warmer temperatures and higher carbon dioxide concentrations allow ragweed to become more vigorous and invade further north, we can expect to see many more allergy sufferers," said Daniel Chapman, an invasive species expert at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology in Edinburgh, Scotland. He did not take part in the study, but praised it.
The researchers used computer simulations with different scenarios of carbon dioxide pollution for the next 35 years. And if the world doesn't make a large change in emissions from coal, oil and gas, the computer runs predicted increases in the annual pollen count of 100 to 1,100 percent, with a general average of around 300 percent, Vautard said.
Land use and the way the non-native plants take over new areas account for about one-third of the increased ragweed counts, with climate change the rest, Vautard said.
Earlier studies show that ragweed pollen season in North America has already extended by as much as three weeks in some northern locales, partly because of climate change.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency climate scientist Michael Kolian, who wasn't part of the new study, said the French study fits with previous research and the U.S. National Climate Assessment, which concluded "climate change, as well as increased carbon dioxide by itself, can contribute to increased production of plant-based allergens."
Nature Climate Change: http://www.nature.com/nclimate
Seth Borenstein can be followed at http://twitter.com/borenbears