About 10 years ago Foley asked a member of the underground church how he could pray for them. He recalls the North Korean's response: "You, pray for us? We pray for you ... because South Korean and American churches believe challenges in the Christian faith are solved by money, freedom and politics. It's only when all you have is God do you realize God is all you need."
Foley, co-founder of Seoul USA, an affiliate of Voice of the Martyrs, estimates about 100,000 Christians live in North Korea, with about a third of them in concentration camps. Unlike the Chinese underground church, North Korean Christians can't risk gathering together because spies are everywhere, Foley says. Instead, they worship in their own household or in common areas such as walking down the road out of earshot.
As North Korea fell under communist rule after World War II, Christians realized they would soon face intense persecution. Some escaped to South Korea where they could worship freely. Foley says those who stayed chose four foundational pillars of Christianity they could pass on to future generations: theology through the Apostle's Creed, prayer through the Lord's Prayer, ethics through the Ten Commandments and worship through the Lord's Supper.
Christians who are able to leave the country on work trips discreetly meet with missionaries, and believers memorize Scripture to share with others, Foley reports. Physical copies of the Bible are rare for poor households, as government officials regularly check their homes. If officials find a Bible, the government will send the family to concentration camps or kill them. Foley says Seoul USA has been able to send Bibles into North Korea using balloons, with 50,000 dropped into the country this past year. The group also produces short-wave radio programs with North Korean defectors reading the Bible, as about 20 percent of North Koreans illegally own radios.
The government deems Christianity a threat because North Korea's Juche ideology, which mixes Marxism with worship of the now-deceased "Great Leader" Kim Il Sung and his family, is partially copied from Christianity. Kim, who attended church until the eighth grade, took Christian concepts like the Trinity, church services and hymns and made it all about himself. If people found out about Christ, Foley says, they'd see Kim and his lineage as frauds.
With a zero-tolerance policy for Christianity, Christians are careful whom they tell about their faith, Foley says. They don't reveal their belief to their spouses until years after marriage, and they can't tell their children until they turn 15, as teachers are trained to extract such information from students.
Foley learned that children of Christian families don't even realize they're sitting in an underground church meeting. One man said every week his grandfather would gather the family together and give them the same 10 pieces of advice. Later he realized his grandfather was passing down the Ten Commandments.
Foley has met defectors who know Bible stories or some Christian songs. "North Korean Christians are very careful to pass on the treasure and for their family members to guard it and only over time realize what it is," he says.
"They are sad to see the faith is very different from their own," Foley says. "The North Korean faith life is built upon this idea of being faithful to carry out what God has given you to do even in the face of impossible opposition."
While many South Korean and U.S. groups want to help North Koreans escape the country, Foley says defectors often have a hard to readjusting to their new homes, and more than one in 10 end up committing suicide. Seoul USA sees its role as discipling the church in North Korea by providing resources like Bibles and radio broadcasts as well as starting Underground University to train North Korean defectors to become missionaries to their own people.
Foley hopes churches in the West realize they have much to learn from their North Korean brethren.
"Freedom in Christ is something you can have even in the darkest corner of the world," he says.
Angela Lu writes for WORLD News Service, a division of WORLD Magazine based in Asheville, N.C. Used by permission.
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