In the strict sense, it means people are starving on a massive scale. Most major aid agencies only describe a crisis as a famine when the situation on the ground meets at least three of these eight conditions:
-- At least 20 percent of the population has access to fewer than 2,000 calories of food a day.
-- Acute malnutrition in more than 30 percent of children.
-- Two deaths per 10,000 people due to starvation, or four child deaths per 10,000 children per day.
-- A pandemic illness.
-- Access to less than four liters of water a day.
-- Large-scale displacement.
-- Civil strife.
-- Complete loss of assets and source of income.
Compiled by IMB Staff.
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