AP Explains: What's behind the turmoil in the Maldives

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Posted: Feb 02, 2018 7:08 AM
AP Explains: What's behind the turmoil in the Maldives

MALE, Maldives (AP) — The Maldives' Supreme Court ordered the release of imprisoned politicians, including exiled ex-President Mohamed Nasheed, saying their guilty verdicts had been politically influenced.

The ruling set off hours of clashes in the streets of Male, the capital. Nasheed, the nation's first democratically elected president and the main rival of current President Yameen Abdul Gayoom, now says he'll challenge Yameen in elections later this year.

A look at what led to the turmoil:

AN AUTOCRAT AND ELECTIONS

The Maldives, an Indian Ocean archipelago of nearly 1,200 islands with a population of just 390,000 people, was ruled for three decades by strongman Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. He was voted from office in 2008 in the first democratic elections. Mohamed Nasheed won that vote but resigned in 2012 amid public protests for ordering the arrest of a senior judge. In 2013, Nasheed lost a chaotic presidential election to the current president, Yameen, who is the half brother of the longtime ruler.

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DEMOCRATIC SETBACKS

Yameen and his ruling Progressive Party of Maldives have rolled back many of the democratic gains seen in the archipelago since 2008, with all of his potential political opponents either jailed or in exile. The government has also curbed freedom of speech and assembly, with heavy fines imposed on journalists and social media users found guilty of defamation. In 2015, in a trial widely criticized by international rights groups, Nasheed was sentenced to 13 years in prison. He received asylum in Britain after traveling there on medical leave.

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THE OPPOSITION AND THE AUTOCRAT (AGAIN)

Former strongman Maumoon Abdul Gayoom has broken away from Yameen, and a group of ruling party lawmakers loyal to Gayoom have defected from the ruling party. In March 2017, Gayoom, Nasheed's Maldivian Democratic Party and two other parties signed an agreement to form an opposition alliance, saying they would work together to stop the democratic reversals. In July, Maldivian security forces locked down parliament on Yameen's orders, as the alliance mounted an attempt to impeach the parliamentary speaker, an ally of the president.