Today in History
Today is Sunday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2017. There are 203 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On June 11, 1947, the government announced the end of sugar rationing for households and "institutional users" (e.g., restaurants and hotels) as of midnight.
On this date:
In 1258, the Oxford Parliament (also known as the "Mad Parliament") convened during the reign of King Henry III, who agreed to the creation of a privy council that would advise him and provide oversight, an arrangement which did not last.
In 1509, England's King Henry VIII married his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.
In 1770, Captain James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, "discovered" the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it.
In 1919, Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing's first Triple Crown winner.
In 1937, eight members of the Soviet Red Army High Command accused of disloyalty were put on trial, convicted and immediately executed as part of Josef Stalin's Great Purge.
In 1942, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.
In 1959, the Saunders-Roe Nautical 1, the first operational hovercraft, was publicly demonstrated off the southern coast of England.
In 1962, three prisoners at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay staged an escape, leaving the island on a makeshift raft; they were never found or heard from again.
In 1977, a 20-day hostage drama in the Netherlands ended as Dutch marines stormed a train and a school held by Moluccan extremists; six gunmen and two hostages on the train were killed. Seattle Slew won the Belmont Stakes, capturing the Triple Crown.
In 1987, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.
In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that people who commit "hate crimes" motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups had a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services.
In 2001, Timothy McVeigh, 33, was executed by injection at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana, for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.
Ten years ago: Sen. Larry Craig, R-Idaho, was arrested at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport in a restroom sex sting. (Craig, who denied soliciting an undercover police officer, later pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct and paid a fine.) A divided panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said the Bush administration could not use new anti-terrorism laws to keep Ali al-Marri, a legal U.S. resident, locked up indefinitely without charging him. (The issue was rendered moot in 2009 when the Obama administration ordered al-Marri turned over to civilian authorities; al-Marri pleaded guilty to conspiring to provide material support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization, and was sentenced to eight years in prison.) Actress Mala Powers died in Burbank, California, at age 75.
Five years ago: Testimony began in the trial of former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky, accusing of sexually abusing 10 boys over 15 years. (Sandusky was later convicted and sentenced to at least 30 years in prison.) Rafael Nadal (rah-fay-ehl nah-DAHL') won his record seventh French Open title, defeating Novak Djokovic (NOH'-vak JOH'-kuh-vich) 6-4, 6-3, 2-6, 7-5. The Los Angeles Kings won their first NHL championship, beating the New Jersey Devils 6-1 in Game 6 of the Stanley Cup finals. Ann Rutherford, 94, the demure brunette actress who played Scarlett O'Hara's youngest sister in "Gone With the Wind," died in Beverly Hills.
One year ago: Queen Elizabeth II and her family marked her official 90th birthday with a parade, a colorful military ceremony and an appearance on the Buckingham Palace balcony. Creator closed with a rush and caught Destin at the wire to win the Belmont Stakes by a nose, with Preakness winner Exaggerator finishing well back in the field.
Today's Birthdays: Former U.S. Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., is 87. Comedian Johnny Brown is 80. International Motorsports Hall of Famer Jackie Stewart is 78. Singer Joey Dee is 77. Actress Adrienne Barbeau is 72. Rock musician Frank Beard (ZZ Top) is 68. Animal rights activist Ingrid Newkirk is 68. Rock singer Donnie Van Zant is 65. Actor Peter Bergman is 64. Pro Football Hall of Famer Joe Montana is 61. Actor Hugh Laurie is 58. TV personality Mehmet Oz, M.D., is 57. Singer Gioia (JOY'-ah) Bruno (Expose) is 54. Rock musician Dan Lavery (Tonic) is 51. Country singer-songwriter Bruce Robison is 51. Actress Clare Carey is 50. Actor Peter Dinklage is 48. Country musician Smilin' Jay McDowell is 48. Actor Lenny Jacobson is 43. Rock musician Tai Anderson (Third Day) is 41. Actor Joshua Jackson is 39. Americana musician Gabe Witcher (Punch Brothers) is 39. Christian rock musician Ryan Shrout is 37. Actor Shia LaBeouf (SHY'-uh luh-BUF') is 31.
Thought for Today: "A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him." — David Brinkley, American broadcast journalist (born 1920, died this date in 2003).