CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) — Less than a year after a devastating motorcycle wreck that friends say left him muddled and struggling, Keith Lamont Scott was shot to death by Charlotte police officers who said he refused to drop a gun.
Neurologists say they aren't surprised that someone with a severe traumatic brain injury would be slow to react and have difficulty following instructions, particularly when orders are being shouted by police officers with their weapons drawn.
"They don't do well in stressful situations," said Dr. David Brody, professor of neurology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. "They often make poor choices or impulsive decisions under stress."
Brody noted that his comments refer to severe TBIs in general, and that he never saw Scott as a patient. But he said "there's no way a patient with a TBI who doesn't know the difference between right and wrong should own a gun or drive a car."
Scott was killed Sept. 20 by a Charlotte police officer, prompting days of protests that included another man's shooting death one riotous night. Body camera and dashcam recordings released by the police department show Scott slowly backing out of an SUV. Police say he refused commands to put down a gun.
Graphic, 16-minute video released Tuesday night captures the moments just before and after the shooting, with officers treating Scott's gunshot wounds and one officer telling his colleague to "stay right here with the gun." Scott can be heard moaning as officers ask his name and one encourages him to "stay with us."
Scott's final moments also were recorded by his wife, Rakeyia, in a video shared widely on social media. She can be heard shouting to police that her husband "doesn't have a gun, he has a TBI." She pleads with the officers not to shoot before a burst of gunfire can be heard.
Police Chief Kerr Putney said officers recovered a gun Scott had in his possession, but none of the videos conclusively shows that. Scott's mother maintains he was holding a Quran.
After running his motorcycle into a tree in November 2015, Scott struggled to recover from two broken hips and a broken pelvis as well as his brain injury, his mother told a TV station.
"You could look at him and tell something was wrong," said Dana Chapman, a former neighbor. "You could walk up to him; you didn't have to speak. You could look at him and tell there was a problem."
Chapman said he would see Scott walking twice a day, leaning on a wooden cane for support. "He had to learn how to talk again, how to walk again," Chapman said.
Another neighbor, Anthony Spain, said Scott must have zoned out as police were yelling at him.
"He was like a baby," Spain told the Gaston Gazette, comparing his friend to an Alzheimer's patient. "They killed a baby."
TBIs range in their severity. But if Scott had to relearn how to walk and talk, he likely suffered an injury acute enough to permanently affect brain function, according to Jeffrey S. Kutcher, national Director of the Sports Neurology Clinic at the CORE Institute, in Brighton, Michigan. That "can lead to devastating changes in behavior, impulse control and really, any cognitive function."
"Not having an appropriate response in a stressful, chaotic event is certainly a potential effect of a TBI," added Kutcher, director of the NBA's concussion program. Kutcher, who also never treated Scott, said the "zoning-out" Scott's friends described could be a direct effect of the TBI or medications.
The family stopped talking with the media after Scott's brother-in-law, Ray Dotch, objected to questions about Scott's criminal background, saying he shouldn't have to "humanize him in order for him to be treated fairly."
"What we know and what you should know about him is that he was an American citizen who deserved better," Dotch said.
Scott had several convictions and served time in prison, court records show. As a teenager, he pleaded guilty to contributing to the delinquency of a minor and received a 12-month suspended sentence. He later served six years in Texas for evading arrest with a vehicle and aggravated assault with a deadly weapon, and was released in 2011.
Court documents also show Scott's wife filed a restraining order a month before his accident, when she said he threatened to kill her and her son with a gun and hit the boy with his fist. Rakeyia Scott warned law officers then to be aware that he "carries a 9mm black" gun, and checked boxes to indicate her husband had neither a county-issued permit to buy a handgun nor a state permit to carry a concealed handgun. Rakeyia Scott later dropped her request.
Waggoner reported from Raleigh. Follow Kinnard and Waggoner on Twitter at http://twitter.com/MegKinnardAP and http://twitter.com/mjwaggonernc. Read more of their work at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/martha-waggoner and http://bigstory.ap.org/content/meg-kinnard/.