Senior Taliban figure says death of leader could unify group

AP News
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Posted: May 24, 2016 10:42 AM
Senior Taliban figure says death of leader could unify group

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — The death of the leader of the Afghan Taliban in a U.S. drone strike last week could make the insurgent movement stronger by bringing back dissident commanders and unifying the movement's ranks, a senior Afghan Taliban figure said on Tuesday.

Mullah Mohammad Ghous, a foreign minister during the Taliban's 1996-2001 rule of Afghanistan, told The Associated Press that Mullah Akhtar Mansour's death cleared the way for those who left after he became leader to return to the insurgency.

Mansour was killed on Saturday in the strike in southwestern Pakistan, just over the border from Afghanistan.

His death has been confirmed by some senior Taliban members, as well as Washington and Kabul. The Taliban has yet to formally announce his death.

Mansour had led the Taliban since last summer, when the death of founder Mullah Mohammad Omar became public. Mansour ran the movement in Mullah Omar's name for more than two years. The revelation of Mullah Omar's death and Mansour's deception led to widespread mistrust, with some senior leaders leaving to set up their own factions.

Some of these rivals fought Mansour's men for land, mostly in the opium poppy-growing southern Taliban heartland.

Ghous said a faction loyal to the leader of a major breakaway faction, Mullah Mohammad Rasool — who is believed to be detained in Pakistan — could rejoin the main branch "bringing greater strength."

"Once the death of Mullah Akhtar Mansour is confirmed, Mullah Rasool's group will have no excuse," he said.

Mansour is widely said to have been a major player in Afghanistan's multi-billion-dollar drug production and smuggling business, which along with other contraband helps fund the insurgency.

Western diplomats in Kabul have said that Mansour had been in contact with Iran and Russia in recent months, in a bid to diversify his support base away from Pakistan. Pakistan's ISI secret service has long been suspected of supporting the Taliban leadership in cities over the border from Afghanistan, notably Quetta and Peshawar.

Russia and Iran are believed to have reached out to Taliban groups in recent months as a counterweight to the Islamic State group's presence in Afghanistan. Mansour is believed to have been returning from Iran when he was targeted by the U.S. drone. He was travelling on a Pakistani passport under a false name, according to sources in the Taliban.

"The Taliban needs financial and strategic support, so as leader of the movement Mullah Akhtar Mansour had to look for it in difference places — and that meant he had to travel to different countries," Ghous said, adding that Mansour regularly visited Dubai, Qatar and other countries including Iran, which borders western Afghanistan.

Ghous said that it was widely accepted within the upper ranks of the Taliban that Iran also facilitated contact with Russia for Mansour. "We all know Iran and Russia are linked nowadays, so if Mullah Akhtar Mansour is meeting with Iran it must be with the knowledge of Russia."

Another respected veteran in the insurgency, religious scholar Mullah Hameedullah, agreed that Mansour's death removed an obstacle to unity.

As senior figures gather in Pakistan to discuss the movement's next leader, both Ghous and Hameedullah said the choice of successor would impact whether or not the Taliban chooses war or peace.

Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani, who took office in 2014, assiduously courted Pakistan in an effort to bring the Taliban into a dialogue that would lead to peace talks. Mansour, however, refused, choosing instead to intensify the war, now in its 15th year, once the international combat mission drew down to a training and support role in 2015.

Among the main contenders for the leadership role are Mansour's deputy, Sirajuddin Haqqani, leader of the notorious Haqqani network — the faction behind some of the most ferocious attacks in Afghanistan since the war began in 2001. The Haqqanis are wealthy, and able to attract funding even as competition among Islamist organizations grows.

The son of Mullah Omar, Mullah Yaqub is also believed said to be a viable candidate. He publicly objected to Mansour's elevation, believing it to have been rigged among a small clique, but earlier this year decided to reconcile with the Mansour. He controls the Taliban military commissions for 15 of Afghanistan's 34 provinces.

Discussions on the future of the organization are said to be robust and sources attending have said it could be some time before a decision emerges.

Ghous said: "You never know who will be the next leader.

"I have always preferred that there should be peace talks and I am still saying there should be peace talks," Ghous said. But he added that the deadly U.S. strike on Mansour's vehicle — believed to be the first U.S. drone hit inside Pakistani territory — had prompted some wariness in the Taliban leadership.

"This American strike that killed Mullah Akhtar Mansour might not effect peace talks so much, but if they strike again or if they kill any other leader, then I think we will not see peace talks in my lifetime," he said.