By John Miller
ZURICH (Reuters) - Companies should not blame U.S. sanctions for stopping them investing in Iran, a State Department official told businesses on Wednesday, saying there were many other risks putting off would-be investors.
The United States and Europe lifted sanctions in January under a deal with Tehran to limit its nuclear program, but U.S. sanctions unrelated to the nuclear issue remain, banning dollar transactions with Iran and making it harder for companies to access finance for business in the Islamic Republic.
Jarrett Blanc, the State Department's deputy lead coordinator of last year's nuclear deal, said companies should tell their Iranian partners that it was not just those remaining sanctions that were holding up business deals.
"Many times, in the past 100 days, we have found international firms who have said to Iran: 'Only U.S. sanctions are preventing you from doing business'," Blanc told 400 people at a forum for European business with Iran in Zurich.
"But when we dig a little deeper, and seek to answer questions about precisely your concerns, it turns out that your business decisions, not surprisingly, in fact take into account concerns well beyond sanctions."
Iran has signed billions of dollars of deals with European firms since the nuclear sanctions were lifted, including a $27 billion aircraft order from Airbus. But deals requiring investment inside Iran have moved slowly.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the most powerful figure in Iran, has blamed the delays squarely on the United States.
"The U.S. Treasury ... acts in such a way that big corporations, big institutions and big banks do not dare to come and deal with Iran," Khamenei said in March.
Iranian businesses at the Zurich forum said European banks were staying away due to U.S. pressure, and said that could put European companies at a disadvantage to their Asian competitors.
"They are going to lose opportunities soon," Majid Ghassemi, president of Bank Pasargad, told Reuters. "It is against the benefits of European investors, this kind of barrier that the Americans have put up against the banking system in Europe."
Parviz Akbaroff, international business manager at infrastructure consulting company Rah Shahr, said European firms had "become subservient to U.S. interests".
While the United States does not prohibit foreign banks from doing business with Iran, many are wary after facing multi-billion dollar fines during the sanctions era.
Nonetheless, lawyers and consultants have consistently warned would-be investors of a wide range of other risks including complex regulations, unclear dispute mechanisms, labor issues, and corruption.
Blanc said investors who acknowledge these concerns privately should communicate them to their Iranian partners. "Don't take the easy way out, by just saying 'U.S. sanctions, U.S. sanctions, U.S. sanctions'," he said.
(Additional reporting by Joshua Franklin; Editing by Sam Wilkin and Robin Pomeroy)