SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) — Puerto Rico's government released a new proposal Monday for restructuring part of its $70 billion debt to buy time to implement a fiscal plan as multimillion-dollar payments loom for the U.S. territory facing dwindling cash reserves.
Government officials proposed to exchange $49 billion of debt into up to $28 billion of base bonds and nearly $2 billion of tax-exempt capital appreciation bonds. They said the voluntary exchange would allow creditors to recover the full principal they invested regardless of future economic growth rates.
The plan also includes a special clause for those who live in Puerto Rico and hold certain bonds. Officials said that group could receive up to $8 billion of local holder base bonds that repays the full principal they originally invested at a 2 percent interest rate.
Government officials said Puerto Rico could cut $12 billion to $16 billion from its debt load under the new deal. They said this would allow the island's government to keep providing essential services, pay back local vendors and suppliers, boost liquidity and fund retirement systems, among other things.
"The fact is that we will only be able to address these issues by working together," said Secretary of State Victor Suarez.
Investor groups have proposed tougher terms. They did not respond to a request for comment on the new plan, which could mean a loss for some. Puerto Rican officials said they discussed the plan with investors' advisers in late March.
David Tawil, co-founder and portfolio manager of New York-based Maglan Capital, said bondholders would likely not consider the deal aggressive enough, but said it was a smart move by government officials amid uncertainty of how courts and U.S. Congress will respond to the island's economic crisis.
"This is a good-faith effort in the sense that it's holistic," he said in a phone interview. "It provides for varying types of recovery depending on whether you want to be part of (Puerto Rico's) future or whether you want to go ahead and cash out in your investment immediately."
A group of investors and the Assured Guaranty insurance company, which together hold nearly $6.5 billion worth of general obligation bonds, have offered to defer repayment of nearly $2 billion in principal for the next five years to help the island avoid a default in July. The investors also offered $750 million in liquidity through another general obligation bond sale. Puerto Rico's government rejected the deal, saying it would only incur more debt and lead to cash shortfalls.
Government officials said their proposal would reduce the debt service-to-revenue ratio on tax-supported debt from 36 percent to 15 percent. They noted that is still higher than the most indebted U.S. states. Creditors, however, have questioned the validity of financial statistics that Puerto Rico's government has provided.
The plan comes as Puerto Rico urges the U.S. Congress to approve a debt-restructuring mechanism. U.S. House Republicans are seeking consensus on a bill that aims in part to create a federal fiscal control board to audit the island's government. Democrats, GOP conservative and local officials have rejected it.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew said Monday that the bill has not been completed.
"There are still a number of very difficult issues that are open that if resolved in the right way will lead to bipartisan support, but if not resolved in the right way, just won't work. And we're not going to support something that doesn't work," he said.
Puerto Rico's governor recently signed a debt-moratorium bill and declared a state of emergency at the Government Development Bank, which issues loans and oversees debt transactions. The move means in part that officials will only allow withdrawals to fund necessary costs for health, public safety and education services. It does not place a moratorium on the bank's principal or interest payments.
Officials have warned the bank could default on a nearly $423 million payment due to creditors in May.
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