WICHITA, Kan. (AP) — People trying to register to vote at Kansas motor vehicle offices are being forced to provide documentary proof of citizenship in violation of federal law, according to a lawsuit filed Thursday.
The complaint filed by the American Civil Liberties Union in U.S. District Court in Kansas City, Kansas, is mounting a new legal challenge based on a provision in the National Voter Registration Act that requires states to provide voter registration in conjunction with drivers' license applications at state division of motor vehicle offices.
Kansas has been at the forefront of efforts for more stringent registration laws ranging from proof-of-citizenship to requiring certain types of ID, and the state has been embroiled in several legal fights over the issues.
Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach has championed laws which require documents such as a birth certificate, passport or naturalization papers as a way to prevent noncitizens from voting, particularly those living in the U.S. illegally. Critics say incidents of noncitizens registering to vote are extremely rare, and argue such Republican-backed laws hurt voter registration efforts and disenfranchise voters that tend to vote Democrat, including minorities and college students, who may not readily have the documentation.
"These shameful actions have made Kansas an epicenter of voter suppression," said Dale Ho, director of the ACLU's Voting Rights Project.
Kobach did not immediately return phone and email messages seeking comment on the lawsuit.
The registration act, commonly known as the "Motor-Voter Law," is a federal law that aims to increase voter participation. In addition to requiring that registration be offered at the Division of Motor Vehicle offices, it also provides mechanisms such as an online registration form people can print out and mail and voter registration at social service agencies, Ho said.
Ralph Ortiz, a Wichita resident and veteran whose voter registration was purged for not providing the documents within 90 days, is among the six U.S. citizens who brought the lawsuit, which also seeks class-action status.
"I joined the military to help protect American freedoms, yet now I'm being denied the most fundamental right in our democracy," Ortiz said in a news release.
Since Kansas implemented the proof-of-citizenship requirements in January 2013, the voter registrations of more than 35,000 people have been put on hold or purged from the system.
The ACLU's lawsuit contends federal law prohibits states from requiring additional information when people register to vote in conjunction with getting their driver's licenses.
"So we think if we can address this problem, we can fix the crisis in voter registration that the state has been experiencing," Ho said, noting that about 45 percent of Kansas voters register to vote at motor vehicle offices.
Arizona, Alabama and Georgia have also adopted proof-of-citizenship voter registration laws, and several states have adopted voter ID at polling places —"so what has happened in Kansas hasn't stayed in Kansas," Ho said.
Last week, voting rights groups sued a federal elections official who decided that residents of Kansas, Alabama and Georgia could no longer register to vote using a federal form without proof of citizenship. Last month, a state judge ruled Kobach overstepped his legal authority when he created a two-tiered system banning federal form registrants from voting in state and local races.