WASHINGTON (AP) — The Latest on the worldwide threat assessment from U.S. intelligence agencies (all times local):
FBI Director James Comey says one of the phones used by the killers in the San Bernardino, California, attacks remains inaccessible to investigators more than two months after 14 people were fatally shot.
Comey is testifying before the Senate Intelligence Committee.
He cites the case as an example of how encryption is affecting counterterrorism efforts. But he says the dilemma of bad guys "going dark" is mostly affecting state and local law enforcement officials who are trying to solve murder, drug and car accident cases.
Companies are increasingly making devices such as cellphones with encryption that allows only the people communicating to read the messages.
Comey says it's a big problem when law enforcement armed with a search warrant can't open a phone, even when a judge says there's probable cause to have it opened.
CIA Director John Brennan had a heated exchange with a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee over whether the agency spied on staffers investigating harsh interrogation methods — a probe that resulted in the so-called torture report.
Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., asked Brennan to acknowledge that a CIA search of intelligence committee files in January 2014 was improper and would not happen again. But Brennan held his ground.
At the time, Brennan denied that his personnel spied on Senate investigators. Later, an internal CIA review faulted five CIA employees for hacking into the intelligence committee's computers and emails. Brennan apologized to the top committee leaders, while insisting it was "very limited" access.
Wyden says both the CIA review and an inspector general's report of the incident found the agency had improper access to Senate files. But Brennan says Wyden mischaracterized the findings.
"Don't say that we spied on Senate computers or files. We did not do that," Brennan says.
Director of National Intelligence James Clapper is telling the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence that the Islamic State group is the leading edge of an unprecedented increase in Sunni violent extremism.
He delivered the annual assessment by U.S. intelligence agencies of the top dangers facing the country.
"Sunni violent extremism has been on an upward trajectory since the late 1970s and has more groups, members, and safe havens than at any other point in history," Clapper says.
At the same time, he says Shia violent extremists backed by Iran will probably deepen sectarian tensions in the Middle East in response to real and perceived threats from IS, he says.
"The United States will almost certainly remain at least a rhetorically important enemy for most violent extremists in part due to past and ongoing US military, political, and economic engagement overseas," Clapper says.
Clapper tells the Senate Armed Services Committee that the U.S. is facing the most diverse global threat environment he has seen in more than 50 years of government service.
Clapper says the array of threats and challenges around the world is the result of the collapse of what he described as the "bipolar system." Russia and its alliance on one side and the U.S. and its western allies on the other provided a level of stability that is now gone.
"And virtually all other threats were sort of subsumed in that basic bipolar contest that went on for decades and was characterized by stability," Clapper said. "When that ended, that set off a whole range of ... dynamics around the world that have changed."
Clapper says Russia's aggressive military intervention in Ukraine and other moves could put Moscow and the U.S. "into another Cold War-like spiral."
Clapper says Russia's actions are intended to demonstrate, in part, that Moscow is a superpower, co-equal to the U.S.
"I think the Russians fundamentally are paranoid about NATO," Clapper said. "They're greatly concerned about being contained and are of course very, very concerned about missile defense, which would serve to neuter what is the essence to their claim to great power status, which is their nuclear arsenal."
President Barack Obama is reassuring the leaders of South Korea and Japan that the U.S. will defend its allies following a worrisome rocket launch by North Korea.
The White House says Tuesday that Obama spoke with South Korean President Park Geun-hye (goon-hay) and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (shin-zoh ah-bay) on Monday evening. Obama is condemning the North's rocket launch and calling it a flagrant violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions.
The leaders are calling for a strong global response including a new Security Council resolution.
The diplomacy comes after Pyongyang launched a rocket it says was solely to carry a satellite into orbit. The U.S. and others worry it was a cover for a long-range missile test.
South Korea and Japan are both U.S. treaty allies.
Clapper tells the Senate Armed Services Committee that North Korea has expanded a uranium enrichment facility and restarted a plutonium reactor that could start recovering spent fuel in weeks or months.
Clapper says in his opening statement that Pyongyang announced in 2013 its intention to refurbish and restart nuclear facilities, to include the uranium enrichment facility at Yongbyon and its graphite-moderated plutonium production reactor, which was shut down in 2007.
Clapper says Islamic militants will continue plotting against U.S. interests overseas and homegrown attacks will pose the most significant threat to Americans at home.
He says the perceived success of attacks by homegrown violent extremists in Europe and North America — such as those in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and San Bernardino, California — might motivate others to replicate the attacks. That would diminish the U.S. ability to detect terrorist operational planning and readiness, he said.
Clapper also said Iran remains the top state sponsor of terrorism and al-Qaida-linked groups remain resilient. He said the U.S. will continue to see cyber threats from China, Russia and North Korea.