COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — Gov. Nikki Haley has warned the U.S. Department of Energy that she expects South Carolina to collect a $1 million daily fine for the agency's failure to meet a Jan. 1 nuclear fuel deadline.
In a letter obtained by The Associated Press, Haley told Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz that South Carolina "will almost certainly be forced" to sue if his agency doesn't start making payments on New Year's Day.
"South Carolina cannot stand idly by while DOE violates federal law and fails to fulfill its commitment to the state," Haley wrote in the letter dated Monday.
The Savannah River Site's mixed-oxide project — known as MOX — is intended to turn weapons-grade plutonium into commercial nuclear reactor fuel. But it's years behind schedule.
Because MOX isn't operating, by law the federal government is supposed to remove 1 metric ton of plutonium from South Carolina by Jan. 1. If not, the agency's subject to pay $1 million a day for "economic and impact assistance," up to $100 million yearly, until either the facility meets production goals or the plutonium's taken out of state for storage or disposal elsewhere.
However, a clause in the law makes the fine "subject to the availability of appropriations."
Asked about the letter, a spokeswoman for DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration, which manages the project, said the agency "is working to meet its commitment to the state of South Carolina." Spokeswoman Francie Israeli did not comment further.
U.S. Sens. Lindsey Graham and Tim Scott and U.S. Rep. Joe Wilson have previously encouraged Haley to sue to keep the project going.
"South Carolina should pursue all options at its disposal," Graham spokesman Kevin Bishop said Tuesday.
MOX is intended to help the United States fulfill an agreement with Russia to dispose of at least 34 metric tons apiece of weapons-grade plutonium. According to NNSA, that's enough material for about 17,000 nuclear warheads.
Construction began in 2007. The General Accountability Office has said the nearly $8 billion project is more than $3 billion over budget.
Wilson, whose district includes SRS, said Tuesday that the project is about 70 percent complete. He applauded Haley's move, calling MOX the "only viable, legal option" under the agreement with Russia. Other benefits, he said, include that it "converts weapons-grade plutonium into green fuel."
The initial 2002 federal law that set timetables for MOX production or plutonium's removal from the state allowed for million-dollar fines beginning in 2011. But in 2005, Congress extended the deadlines to 2014. Congress extended them again in 2013.
"South Carolina is certainly grateful to play an important role in the United States' nuclear nonproliferation efforts and for the benefits the MOX facility brings to our state, but this does not come without risk to South Carolina," Haley wrote. "The security, economic and environmental interests of South Carolina are at stake with long-term storage of these materials in our state, particularly when there is no apparent or immediate plan for its disposal or removal."
In September, Attorney General Alan Wilson warned the Department of Energy he's prepared to sue — again — if MOX isn't made a priority.
South Carolina sued the Obama administration last year after officials said they wanted to shutter the project, citing cost overruns and delays. The state dropped the suit several months later, when the administration committed to funding the project through that fiscal year. But in the months since, the administration has said it's searching for a cheaper way to dispose of the plutonium.
What Congress' upcoming budget would allocate for MOX is unclear. House Speaker Paul Ryan said Tuesday morning that agreements on a $1.1 trillion governmentwide spending bill would be released later in the day.