HAVANA (AP) — Cuban officials blamed the United States late Tuesday for instigating a surge in the number of Cuban migrants attempting to reach the U.S. through Central America amid ongoing efforts to normalize relations between the former Cold War foes.
In a statement aired on the government's nightly broadcast, Cuba's Ministry of Foreign Relations said U.S. policy allowing nearly all Cuban migrants who reach U.S. soil to stay contradicts ongoing efforts to renew relations between the countries.
"This policy encourages illegal emigration from Cuba to the United States and constitutes a violation of the letter and spirit of the migration accords," the statement read.
The statement marked Cuba's first official response to the swell of migrants fleeing the island since Presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro announced plans to restore diplomatic ties nearly one year ago.
The situation intensified Sunday when Nicaraguan troops forcefully pushed Cuban migrants trying to cross the border en route to the United States back into neighboring Costa Rica.
Costa Rican Foreign Minister Manuel Gonzalez said in a radio interview Tuesday that there are nearly 2,000 people currently at the border being blocked by Nicaraguan soldiers from entering the country. He proposed the creation of a "humanitarian corridor" for Cubans transiting Central America.
"We have to do something with them, give them a solution," Gonzalez said. "They want to continue. Even though a government sends the army after a peaceful migrant population, they are going to find a way to go."
More than 45,000 Cubans arrived at U.S. checkpoints along the border between Texas and Mexico in the fiscal year that ended in September. Many migrants from the island fear that the reestablishment of diplomatic ties between Washington and Havana may bring an end to the "wet-foot, dry foot" policy permitting most Cuban migrants to stay.
Those who flee Cuba on raft and are caught by the U.S. Coast Guard at sea are usually returned.
U.S. officials have stated they do not have any intention of changing current immigration policy toward Cuba. The U.S. and Cuba have held regular meetings on migration accords since the 1990s.
Cuban officials have repeatedly asked that Washington rescind the "wet-foot, dry foot" policy, saying it encourages Cubans to attempt perilous trips that have claimed an untold number of lives.
Dagoberto Fernandez, a Cuban mechanic traveling with his pregnant wife, said they began their journey from Ecuador and had no problems until now.
"Everyone that we have encountered since leaving Ecuador is behaving well. The problem began upon arriving at the border with Nicaragua," Fernandez said.
"We don't want to stay. We don't want problems," he said. "We're a group of human beings trying to achieve their dream: arrive in the United States."
Costa Rica announced Friday that it was issuing special seven-day transit visas for Cuban migrants. The proposed humanitarian corridor would seek to protect their rights as they travel north through Central America.
Ecuador does not require Cubans to obtain visas, so many begin their journey there.
Immigration authorities in Costa Rica say another group of 1,500 Cubans who crossed into the country Saturday from Panama are making their way north.
About 300 Cubans are expected to arrive at Costa Rica's southern border each day.
Before Cuban officials released their statement, a group of about a dozen young adults gathered on a busy Havana intersection to demand the government address the situation early Tuesday evening.
"Many people don't have any idea what is going on," said Taylor Torres, 30, a blogger who said he found out about the swell of Cubans pushed away from the Nicaraguan border only after reading a story on the Internet, which many Cubans do not have access to.
Taylor and others convened after word spread online calling for "flashmob without borders" via social media. Such spontaneous gatherings are highly unusual in Cuba.
The demonstration quickly dispersed after it began to rain.
Cordoba reported from San Jose, Costa Rica. Associated Press writers Alberto Arce in Mexico City and Andrea Rodriguez in Havana contributed.