By Kinda Makieh
DAMASCUS (Reuters) - The United Nations cultural organization condemned the latest destruction by Islamic State of ancient monuments in Syria's 2,000-year-old Roman city of Palmyra, saying it showed they were terrified of history.
The perpetrators should be tried and punished as war criminals, it said.
Islamic State militants blew up the Arch of Triumph, a jewel in the exquisite collection of ruins in the oasis city, Syria's antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim said on Sunday.
The militants had earlier destroyed temples at the Roman-era UNESCO World Heritage site, which it has controlled since capturing Palmyra from Syrian government forces in May, and mined other monuments and historic buildings. The group considers the buildings sacrilegious.
"It's as though there is a curse that has befallen this city and I expect only news that will shock us. If the city remains in their hands the city is doomed," Abdulkarim told Reuters.
"It is now wanton destruction. Their acts of vengeance are no longer ideologically driven because they are now blowing up buildings with no religious meaning," he added.
UNESCO said there would be no impunity for war criminals and it would make every effort, in co-operation with the International Criminal Court, to ensure the perpetrators were tried and punished.
"This new destruction shows how terrified by history and culture the extremists are, because understanding the past undermines and delegitimizes the pretexts they use to justify these crimes and exposes them as expressions of pure hatred and ignorance," it said in a statement.
In August, the Sunni Muslim militants blew up the temple of Baal Shamin, then the Temple of Bel, one of the best preserved Roman-era sites.
Earlier this month it was also confirmed the militants had destroyed some of the best preserved of Palmyra's funeral towers, sandstone constructions built to hold the remains of the ancient city's richest families.
Palmyra was one of the most important cultural centers of the ancient world, according to UNESCO, which has described it as the crossroads of several civilizations.
Islamic State has declared a caliphate in territory it holds across Syria and Iraq and has destroyed other monuments it says are pagan and sacrilegious.
UNESCO says Islamic State seeks to wipe out evidence of Syria's diverse heritage. Before the capture of the city, Syrian officials said they had moved hundreds of ancient statues to safe locations.
(Reporting by Kinda Makieh; Additional reporting by Ingrid Melander in Paris; Writing by Suleiman Al-Khalidi, Editing by Angus MacSwan)