WASHINGTON (AP) — President Barack Obama urged Congress on Wednesday to avoid another contentious budget showdown and warned that the economy would surely take a hit if the government shuts down again.
Obama blamed Republicans for the shutdown two years ago and made clear he would so again if it comes to that.
"You'll recall two years ago Republicans shut down the government because they didn't like Obamacare. Today, some are suggesting the government should be shut down because they don't like Planned Parenthood," Obama said. "That's not good sense, and it's not good business."
A partial shutdown will occur Oct. 1 unless lawmakers provide money to keep the federal government functioning. The GOP-led Congress must overcome opposition from some conservatives who want to block federal funding for Planned Parenthood and take other steps, to reach a deal.
Obama used his speech to members of the Business Roundtable to turn up the pressure on lawmakers to reach a budget agreement. He also pointed to a potential revenue source to pay for some of the increased investments he wants in infrastructure, education and scientific research — taxing so-called "carried interest" as ordinary income rather than as a capital gain, which is taxed at a lower rate. The proposed change is aimed primarily at managers of some types of private investment funds who pay a lower tax rate on their income than do many individuals. He noted, without naming them, that some Republican presidential candidates, primarily Donald Trump and Jeb Bush, have voiced support for increasing taxes on carried interest.
"If we close the tax loophole, we could double the number of workers in America's job-training programs, we could help another 4 million more students afford college," Obama said.
This approach "is an example of how we can maintain fiscal responsibility while at the same time making the investments that we need to grow," he later added.
Obama also tried to portray an improving economy that has come a long way while he's been in office. He said it's doing better than those countries who have embraced spending cuts to climb their way out of tough economic times and that "perennial gloom and doom" descriptions are perpetuated by the presidential campaign that will determine his successor.
"America's winning right now. America's great right now. We can do even better," Obama said.
The Business Roundtable is made up of CEOs from large corporations. Executives from companies such as Procter & Gamble, AES, AT&T and Ameriprise were among those in attendance. The group released a survey this week showing that business executives are cautious about the U.S. economy's near-term prospects. The group is worried about a potential standoff regarding the budget, and further down the road, raising the debt ceiling.
"Predictability is critical to spur investment and unlock economic expansion and job growth," said Randall Stephenson, chairman of the trade group and CEO of AT&T Inc. Stephenson added that "U.S. workers cannot afford the instability that comes with inaction."
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also spoke to the group. He emphasized his support for ending restrictions on some crude oil exports, calling the rules a relic of the 1970s.
Meanwhile, on Capitol Hill, Democrats ramped up pressure to reauthorize the Export-Import Bank, which helped finance purchases of U.S. exports prior to the expiration of its charter in June after opposition from conservative Republicans.
No. 2 House Democrat Steny Hoyer of Maryland told reporters that he's hopeful based on a conversation this summer with House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, that Boehner supports renewing the bank. General Electric on Tuesday cited Ex-Im's expiration as a reason for transferring about 500 jobs to overseas affiliates.
"I think, in my discussions with the Speaker, that he believes that it ought to pass because he believes that it's costing us jobs," Hoyer said.
Hoyer also said that Democrats would be willing to help advance a temporary government-wide funding bill provided they can strike agreement with Republicans. But Republicans are eying a longer stopgap spending bill than Democrats would like. Democrats fear a lengthy stopgap measure would make it more difficult to strike a deal to reverse automatic spending curbs.
Associated Press writers Nancy Benac and Andrew Taylor contributed to this report.