Saudi FM in Moscow for Syria-focused talks

AP News
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Posted: Aug 11, 2015 9:31 AM
Saudi FM in Moscow for Syria-focused talks

MOSCOW (AP) — Pressing to mediate the Syrian conflict, Russia on Tuesday hosted the Saudi foreign minister for talks that revealed sharp differences about the fate of Syrian President Bashar Assad.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov pushed for engaging Syrian government forces in international efforts to fight Islamic State militants, but his Saudi counterpart, Adel Al-Jubeir, firmly rejected any role for Assad.

"We believe that Assad is part of the problem and not part of the solution," he said.

The two did, however, agree on the need to encourage Syrian opposition groups to pool their efforts in the search for peaceful settlement.

Their meeting follows Russian-Saudi talks last week in Qatar that also involved U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. Later this week, Lavrov is set to confer with the opposition Syrian National Coalition, which until now has refused to visit Russia.

As part of its diplomatic blitz, Moscow is also expected to host a deputy U.N. envoy for Syria and the Iranian foreign minister.

Moscow has been a key backer of Assad, shielding his regime from U.N. sanctions and providing it with weapons throughout a civil war that has dragged on for more than four years, leaving at least 250,000 dead and turning more than 4 million people into refugees.

President Vladimir Putin launched Russia's new mediation effort in June, meeting with Saudi Deputy Crown Prince and Defense Minister Mohammed bin Salman in St. Petersburg.

While details of Putin's plan haven't been made public, Lavrov said Russia proposes that all anti-IS forces, including the Syrian army, the Iraqi army and the Kurds, pool their efforts.

"They all must be united, and the regional players must use their influence with the groups on the ground to make such unification as efficient as possible," Lavrov said.

"Without pooling efforts of all those who confront terrorists on the ground, the U.S.-led coalition's air strikes wouldn't bring the desired results and the Islamic State wouldn't be defeated," Lavrov said. However, he said Russia was not proposing a unified command.

Lavrov strongly warned trying to unseat Assad, which is the longtime goal of Syrian rebels along with the Saudi Arabia and Turkey.

"Bashar Assad isn't threatening any neighboring country, while the Islamic State has ... compiled maps ranging from Spain to Pakistan," he said.

Al-Jubeir insisted that the Saudi stance on the Syrian conflict has remained unchanged, adding that while the Syrian military and other government structures should be preserved, Assad should have no role in a future Syria.

On a conciliatory note, he said he and Lavrov agreed on the importance of uniting the Syrian opposition so that they go united to the peace process. "Terrorism threatens the whole world and we discussed ways of confronting it," Al-Jubeir said.

He added that Saudi Arabia is also considering the purchase of Russia's Iskander missiles and other weapons systems.

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Bassem Mroue in Beirut contributed to this report.