NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks in the U.S. fell broadly in afternoon trading Monday following sharper drops in Europe and Asia as Greeks voted to reject the spending cuts and tax increases demanded by its creditors for additional loans.
U.S. government bond prices rose as investors sought safe places to park money. A rout in the stocks of oil drillers and other energy companies also fed the selling. The price of oil plunged 7.7 percent.
Investors in the U.S. seemed to turn more optimistic earlier in the day, but then resumed their selling. Meeting in Paris with her French counterpart, German Chancellor Angela Merkel stressed the importance of Greece taking "responsibility" for reforming its economy. Both she and French President Francois Hollande said the door was open to more negotiations.
In Sunday's referendum on creditor proposals, 61 percent of Greeks voted "no," a much higher proportion than anticipated.
The market declines were not as steep as many had feared, something analysts credited to the resignation of the Greek finance minister, which might help bailout talks resume.
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 98 points, or 0.6 percent, to 17,632 as of 3:12 p.m. Eastern time. The Standard & Poor's 500 index gave up 14 points, or 0.7 percent, to 2,062. The Nasdaq composite fell 35 points, or 0.7 percent, to 4,974.
All 10 sectors of the S&P 500 fell, led by a 1.4 percent drop in energy stocks. The U.S. market is coming off its sharpest weekly decline in three months.
In Europe, Germany's DAX fell 1.5 percent while the CAC-40 in France fell 2 percent. The FTSE 100 index of leading British shares was 0.8 percent lower.
Many in the markets fear that the decision has pushed Greece one step closer to leaving the euro.
Greek banks are running out of cash even after the government last week placed limits on how much depositors can withdraw each day. The European Central Bank has been providing emergency credit to the banks, but on Monday said it could not increase the amount offered because the collateral that the banks post is weaker now due to the crisis.
Several reports from global banks and investment firms on Monday predicted the country will have no choice but to exit the euro and issue its own currency to relieve the cash crunch. A so-called "Grexit" from the euro is considered one of the biggest risks facing the global economy.
"The prospects of Greece remaining in the eurozone have suffered a setback," said Bill O'Neill, head of the U.K. Investment Office at UBS Wealth Management. "A deal to keep Greece in the eurozone remains possible, but the odds against a successful conclusion have now lengthened."
Sung Won Sohn, an economist at California State University, said that he expects a Greek exit and that that will push up the value of the dollar as investors scramble for safety, making U.S. exports more expensive.
"Our economic growth will be slower, and in Europe, whose economy is the most important for the U.S., growth will slow," he said.
Others are more optimistic.
Russ Koesterich, chief strategist at giant money manager BlackRock, wrote in note to clients that he doesn't think the Greece crisis poses a "longer-term" threat to the global economy or financial markets.
Oil prices took a big hit. The benchmark U.S. contract tumbled $4.40 to close at $52.53 a barrel in New York.
Bond prices rose. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 2.29 percent from 2.39 percent late Thursday. U.S. markets were closed Friday for Independence Day.
With Greek banks still shuttered and the European Central Bank under pressure to stop its emergency liquidity measures, Greece may not have long to secure a deal with creditors. A meeting of the eurozone's 19 leaders has been called for Tuesday.
Some hopes for progress in the talks grew Monday after Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis quit. Over months of negotiations, Varoufakis' relations with his peers in the eurozone had deteriorated significantly.
"The fact that Varoufakis has resigned hints that the Greek government may at least be offering an olive branch given his reputation for using aggressive terms such as 'water-boarding' to describe the creditors' actions," said Jane Foley, a senior currency analyst at Rabobank International.
The euro fell 0.6 percent to $1.1051. The dollar slipped 0.3 percent to 122.46 Japanese yen.
The eurozone has taken steps after years of trouble with Greece to limit damage from a default and euro exit. Banks in Europe no longer hold many Greek government bonds and the European Central Bank has pledged to pump liquidity into its financial system should fear spread through Europe.
Still, investors are on edge.
When the Greek government announced June 29 plans to hold a referendum and the closure of the country's banks, markets plunged around the world. In the U.S., the S&P 500 fell 2.1 percent, its biggest drop since the start of the year.
On Monday, investors braced for a repeat as Asian markets opened sharply lower. By the end of their trading days, Japan's Nikkei 225 and South Korea's Kospi each dropped more than 2 percent. Hong Kong's Hang Seng sank 3.2 percent.
China bucked the trend. China's benchmark index, the Shanghai Composite climbed 2.4 percent after regulators and the securities industry intervened to prop up prices that had been falling in recent weeks.
Among U.S. stocks making big moves, Aetna sank $8.49 to $117.02, a 7 percent loss. That was the biggest slide in the S&P 500. The company agreed last week to buy rival health insurer Humana for $35 billion. Humana rose $1.94, or 1 percent, $189.41.
Precious and industrial metals futures closed mixed. Gold rose $9.70 to $1,173.20 an ounce, silver rose 19 cents to $15.73 an ounce and copper fell nine cents to $2.54 a pound.
AP Writer Pan Pylas contributed to this report from London.